This research was conducted to determine the effects of an aquatic exercise program on pain, stiffness, physical function, and self-efficacy in individuals with osteoarthritis.
A randomized controlled trial.
Participants in the experimental group participated in the aquatic exercise program three times a week for 8 weeks; participants in the control group did not.
The mean scores of the experimental group on the pain, stiffness, and difficulty in carrying out physical functions subscales of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index decreased significantly, whereas those of the control group decreased very little. The mean scores of the experimental group on the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale and the isokinetic muscle strength measurements increased, but those of the control group did not change in the final measurements. The difference between the groups was statistically significant.
Through the study, it was determined that the aquatic exercise program decreased pain, stiffness, and difficulty in carrying out physical functions and increased self-efficacy and muscle strength of individuals with osteoarthritis.
The aquatic exercise program can be used by nurses as a reference in the management of osteoarthritic patients’ health status.
1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
2 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
Correspondence: Tülay Kars Fertelli, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey. E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ethical approval: For the study, ethical board endorsement was taken from the Ethical Board of the Faculty of Medicine (201105-12).
Cite this article as: Fertelli, T. K., Mollaoglu, M., & Sahin, O. (2019). Aquatic exercise program for individuals with osteoarthritis: Pain, stiffness, physical function, self-efficacy. Rehabilitation Nursing, 44(5), 290–299. doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000142
Online date: April 3, 2018