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Healthcare Provider Advice to Engage in Walking Regimens and Adherence in Women With Fibromyalgia

Peñacoba, Cecilia, PhD1; Angeles Pastor-Mira, María, PhD2; López-Roig, Sofía, PhD2; Sanz, Yolanda2; Velasco, Lilian, PhD1

doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000103
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Purpose The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of fibromyalgia patients receiving medical advice to walk and who complied with the advice according to a specific clinical pattern. A further aim has been to analyze the elements that increase adherence to walking.

Design A cross-sectional study with 920 women with fibromyalgia.

Methods Sociodemographic and clinical variables, walking behavior, and medical advice to walk were assessed.

Findings and Conclusions Patients who adhere to walking have a lower likelihood of being tired. Regular walkers (patients who walk according to a specific clinical pattern) have a lower likelihood of comorbidity. Patients who receive medical advice to walk are more likely to walk more than 30 minutes and to take a break between bouts.

Clinical Relevance Nurses caring for people with fibromyalgia should include strategies to promote walking, especially in patients with low adherence profiles, paying attention to all elements of behavior.

1 Interdisciplinary Clinical Fibromyalgia Unit, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Public Health, Psychology and Immunology and Medical Microbiology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain

2 Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain

Correspondence: Cecilia Peñacoba Puente, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Public Health, Psychology and Immunology and Medical Microbiology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Avda. de Atenas s/n. 28922 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain. E-mail: cecilia.penacoba@urjc.es

Accepted May 1, 2017.

Cite this article as: Peñacoba, C., Pastor-Mira, M. A., López-Roig, S., Sanz, Y., & Velasco, L. (2019). Healthcare provider advice to engage in walking regimens and adherence in women with fibromyalgia. Rehabilitation Nursing, 44(1), 20–28. doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000103

© 2019 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
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