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Adaptation and Resilience in Families of Children With Spina Bifida in South Korea

Choi, Eun Kyoung, PhD, RN, CPNP1; Van Riper, Marcia, PhD, RN, FAAN2; Jang, Mina, PhD(c), RN3; Han, Sang Won, PhD, MD4

doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000200
FEATURES

Purpose The purpose of this study, which was guided by the Family Resilience Model, was twofold: (1) to assess the risk and protective factors related to adaptation and resilience in families of children with spina bifida (SB) in South Korea and (2) to examine predictors of family adaptation and resilience.

Design This is a descriptive study using survey methodology.

Methods Data were collected from 203 parents of children with SB between June 2013 and February 2014 at the SB clinic in South Korea and analyzed using stepwise linear regression.

Findings The best predictors of family adaptation and resilience in children with SB included one risk factor (parental depression) and four protective factors (parental health, family cohesion, family communication skills, and supportive friends/relatives). These five factors explained 39.7% of the total variance in family functioning (an indicator of family adaptation and resilience; F = 26.43, p < .001).

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance Findings suggest that nursing interventions designed to strengthen protective factors and reduce risk factors are likely to promote adaptation and resilience in families of children with SB.

1 Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Nursing, Seoul, South Korea

2 School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

3 Yonsei University Graduate School of Nursing, Seoul, South Korea

4 Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Correspondence: Sang Won Han, PhD, MD, Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, South Korea. E-mail: swhan@yuhs.ac

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.rehabnursingjournal.com).

Cite this article as: Choi, E. K., Van, Riper, M., Jang, M., & Han, S. W. (2018). Adaptation and resilience in families of children with spina bifida in South Korea. Rehabilitation Nursing, 43(6), 343–350. doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000200

© 2018 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
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