An Interactive System for Fine Motor Rehabilitation : Rehabilitation Nursing Journal

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An Interactive System for Fine Motor Rehabilitation

Posada-Gómez, Ruben PhD; Montaño-Murillo, Roberto A. MSc; Martínez-Sibaja, Albino PhD; Alor-Hernández, Giner PhD; Aguilar-Lasserre, Alberto A. PhD; Reyes-Fernández, Miriam C. BSc

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Rehabilitation Nursing 43(2):p 116-124, 3/4 2018. | DOI: 10.1002/rnj.299



One of the most important aspects in neuromotor rehabilitation is the need of feedback for patients. The rehabilitation system’s efficiency relies on the therapist’s judgment; the therapist tells the patient whether he/she is performing the exercises correctly. This process may be quite subjective, because it depends on the therapist’s personal opinion. On the other hand, recent studies have shown that vibrotactile biofeedback can improve the effectiveness of interaction as it is a very helpful tool in the physiological process of neuromotor rehabilitation.


We designed an interactive system focused on rehabilitation of the upper limbs using active markers and image processing, which consists of drawing activities in both augment and virtual reality.


The system gives the user a correction through multimodal stimuli feedback (vibrotactile, visual, and sound stimulus) and force measurement to let the patients know if they are not achieving the tasks’ goals.


The developed system could be used by nursing assistants to better help patients. The purpose of this system was assisting patients with injuries in shoulders, elbows, or wrists, providing an audio-vibrotactile feedback as a factor of correction in the movements of the patient. To examine our system, 11 participants were asked to participate in an experiment where they performed activities focused to strengthen their fine motor movements.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: 

Results showed show that patients’ fine motor skills improved 10% on average by comparing their error rates throughout the sessions.

Copyright © 2018 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.

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