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Examining the Factor Structure and Reliability of the Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale

An Initial Validation Study

White-Heisel, Regina DNP, APRN, PMHCNS-BC1; Canfield, James P. PhD2; Young-Hughes, Sadie DNP, ANP, APRN-BC3

doi: 10.1002/rnj.262
Continuing Education

Purpose: Perceiving imminent safe patient handling and movement (SPH&M) dangers may reduce musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries for nurses in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the 17-item Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale (SPHPS) as an evaluation instrument assessing perceptual risk of MSK injury based on SPH&M knowledge, practice, and resource accessibility in the workplace.

Methods: Data were collected from a convenience sample (N = 117) of nursing employees at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center. Factor analysis identified three factors: knowledge, practice, and accessibility.

Findings: The SPHPS demonstrated high levels of reliability, supported by acceptable alpha scores (SPHM knowledge [α = .866], SPHM practices [α = .901], and access to SPHM resources [α = .855]), in addition to the relatively low standard error of measurement scores (SEM).

Conclusion: The study outcomes suggest that the SPHPS is a valid and reliable tool that can measure participants’ perceived risk factors for MSK injuries.

1 Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center CBOC, Hamilton, OH, USA

2 University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA

3 Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA

Correspondence: Regina White-Heisel, Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center CBOC, 1750 South Erie Highway, Hamilton, OH, USA. E-mail:

Cite this article as: White-Heisel, R., Canfield, J. P., & Young-Hughes, S. (2017). Examining the factor structure and reliability of the Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale: An initial validation study. Rehabilitation Nursing, 42(3), 164–171. doi: 10.1002/rnj.262

© 2017 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
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