Perceiving imminent safe patient handling and movement (SPH&M) dangers may reduce musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries for nurses in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the 17-item Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale (SPHPS) as an evaluation instrument assessing perceptual risk of MSK injury based on SPH&M knowledge, practice, and resource accessibility in the workplace.
Data were collected from a convenience sample (N = 117) of nursing employees at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center. Factor analysis identified three factors: knowledge, practice, and accessibility.
The SPHPS demonstrated high levels of reliability, supported by acceptable alpha scores (SPHM knowledge [α = .866], SPHM practices [α = .901], and access to SPHM resources [α = .855]), in addition to the relatively low standard error of measurement scores (SEM).
The study outcomes suggest that the SPHPS is a valid and reliable tool that can measure participants’ perceived risk factors for MSK injuries.
1 Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center CBOC, Hamilton, OH, USA
2 University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA
3 Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Correspondence: Regina White-Heisel, Cincinnati Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center CBOC, 1750 South Erie Highway, Hamilton, OH, USA. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article as: White-Heisel, R., Canfield, J. P., & Young-Hughes, S. (2017). Examining the factor structure and reliability of the Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale: An initial validation study. Rehabilitation Nursing, 42(3), 164–171. doi: 10.1002/rnj.262