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Uptake of Dietary Sodium Restriction by Overweight and Obese Patients After Cardiac Revascularization

Young, Lufei PhD, RN, APRN-NP1; Barnason, Susan PhD, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN, CEN, FAHA1

Rehabilitation Nursing Journal: May 2016 - Volume 41 - Issue 3 - p 149–157
doi: 10.1002/rnj.205
Current Issue: CE ARTICLES
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Purpose: High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac patients are recommended a daily sodium restriction of ≤1,500 mg. The purpose of this article is to describe daily sodium intake and sodium restriction adherence and its correlates in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program participants following cardiac revascularizations.

Design: This is a descriptive correlational study.

Methods: A subanalysis was performed using the data collected from a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of a 12-week weight management intervention.

Findings: The average daily sodium intake was 3,020 mg ± 1,134 at baseline, 4,047 mg ±1,517 at 4 months, and 4,399 mg ± 1,722 at 6 months. The adherence rates were 4.8% at baseline and zero at 4 and 6 months. The factors influencing daily sodium intake were identified.

Conclusion: The CR program participants failed to adhere to the sodium restriction guidelines.

Clinical relevance: Rehabilitation nurses need to identify effective strategies to educate CR participants and their family members regarding dietary sodium adherence in CR participants.

1 College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Lincoln, NE, USA

Accepted January 19, 2015

Correspondence

Lufei Young, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing-Lincoln Division, 1230 O Street, Suite 131, Lincoln, NE 68588-0220.

E-mail: lyoun1@unmc.edu

Grant number: NR011404 P20; Grant sponsor: NIH.

© 2016 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
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