Feature: FEATURESRelationship Between Nighttime Vital Sign Assessments and Acute Care Transfers in the Rehabilitation InpatientPellicane, Anthony J. MD1Author Information 1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan in the Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA Accepted 2 May 2014 Published online 17 July 2014. Correspondence Anthony J. Pellicane, MD, Adventist Rehabilitation Hospital of Maryland, 9909 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850. E-mail: [email protected] Rehabilitation Nursing Journal: November 2014 - Volume 39 - Issue 6 - p 305-310 doi: 10.1002/rnj.169 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose: To investigate the role of nighttime vital sign assessment in predicting acute care transfers (ACT) from inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Retrospective chart review. Methods: Fifty patients unexpectedly discharged to acute care underwent chart review to determine details of each ACT. Findings: Seven of 50 ACT possessed new vital sign abnormalities at the 11 pm vital sign assessment the night before ACT. None of these seven underwent ACT during the night shift the abnormalities were detected. Two of 50 ACT were transferred between 11 pm and 6:59 am; both demonstrating normal vital sign at the 11 pm assessment. During study period, an estimated 5,607 11 pm vital sign assessments were performed. Conclusions: Nighttime vital sign assessments do not seem to be a good screening tool for clinical instability in the rehabilitation hospital. Clinical Relevance: Eliminating sleep disturbance is important to the rehabilitation inpatient as inadequate sleep hinders physical performance. Tailoring vital sign monitoring to fit patents' clinical presentation may benefit this population. © 2014 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.