Editorial Board

​Editor

Javier Eslava Schmalbach, MD, MSc, PhD
Tenured Professor of Medicine
School of Medicine
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Associate Editors

Martha Beatriz Delgado, MD, MSc
Associate Professor, Program Director, Faculty of Medicine
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Bogotá, Colombia

Eric B. Rosero, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX, USA

Georgia Salanti, PhD Lecturer
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine & Clinical Trials Unit,
University of Bern
Bern, Switzerland

Paul White, MD, PhD
Department of Anesthesiology Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Ángeles, USA

Editorial Committee

Antonio Aldrete, MD, MSc
Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology,
University of Alabama, Birmingham, U.S.A.. Dr. Honoris Causa,
Universidad de Buenos Aires “Honorary Foreign Member,” Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires.
President and Founder of the Arachnoiditis Foundation, Inc.
Birmingham, U.S.A.

Óscar G. Gómez-Duarte, MD, PhD
Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Associate Professor Department of Pediatrics
Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo
New York, U.S.A.

Paul Brown, PhD
Professor
Health Economics and Public Health University of California
Merced, U.S.A.

Henry Oliveros-Rodríguez, MD, MSc
Intensivist – Clinical Epidemiologist Hospital Militar Central
Bogotá, Colombia

Jorge Eduardo Caminos, MSc, PhD
Associate Professor in the Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

David A. Rincón-Valenzuela, MD, MSc
Professor, Unidad de Anestesiología e Instituto de Investigaciones Clínica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Carlos H. Martínez, MD, MPH
Clinical Lecturer, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Michigan Health System, University of Michigan Medical Center
Michigan, U.S.A

Christian Apfel, MD, PhD
School of Medicine, University of California,
San Francisco, U.S.A.

Scientific and Advisory Committee

Girish P. Joshi, MBBS, MD, FFARCSI
Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Management University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas
Texas, USA

Alvaro Andrés Macias, MD, PhD
Instructor in Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women's Hospital
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine Massachusetts Eye and Ear Department of Anesthesia
Boston, Massachusetts

Fernando De la Hoz Restrepo, MD, MSc, PhD
Vice-dean of Investigation and Outreach, School of Medicine
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Hernando Gaitán-Duarte, MD, MSc
Full Professor, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Institute of Clinical Research
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Adrian W. Gelb, MD, MB, ChB, D.A., F.R.C.P.C.
Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Care
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, U.S.A.

Alejandro Jadad, MD, PhD
Director Centre for Global eHealth Innovation
Toronto, Canada

Coordinator Research and Scientific Publications
Nubia Fernanda Sá​​nchez Bello

Editorial Professional
Sergio Iván Ochoa Sanabria

Editorial Assistant
Gisella Sandoval Vargas

Proofreaders
WOLTERS KLUWER

Translators
Martha Flórez de Briceño
Adriana de Hassan

Electronic edition for SciELO
Claudia Ivon Bunch

Printing
Panamericana Formas e Impresos S.A.
Printed on alkaline paper without acid.

Distribution
Servientrega S.A.

Executive Director S.C.A.R.E.
Gustavo Reyes Duque, MD, Mg

Scientific Subdirector
Luz María Gómez Buitrago, MD

BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE COLOMBIAN SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGY AND RESUSCITATION
(S.C.A.R.E.)

President
Mauricio de Jesús Vasco Ramírez, MD

Vice President
Marco Aurelio Pompeyo Hernández

Board Members

Olga Marina Restrepo Jaramillo
Juan Carlos Amaya Lamas
Roque Saúl Palomino Figueroa
Néstor Augusto Sánchez Mojica
William Darío Oliveros Acosta
Fredy Jiovanny Ariza Cadena
Juan José Morales Tuesca

NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE OF THE S.C.A.R.E.

Neurosurgery
Darwin Cohen Manrique, MDBogotá
CardiovascularJuan Carlos Villalba, MDTunja
Regional anesthesiaOn election
PediatricOn election
PlasticLuis Fernando Álvarez, MDBucaramanga
SafetyBernardo Robledo, MDBogotá
Critical care medicine and intensive careEduardo Laverde, MDBogotá
ResuscitationJohnnie Smith Husbands Luque, MDCali
TransplantationOn election
EducationBibiana Jeannette Escobar Suárez, MDBogotá
PainOn election
General anesthesiaLuis Fernando Botero, MDMedellín
ObstetricGermán Monsalve Mejía, MDMedellín
AirwayJuan Pablo Caicedo, MDPopayán
Trauma and pre-hospital careCarlos Sanabria, MDCali
BioethicMaria Constanza Bastos, MDBucaramanga
Postgraduate for anesthesiology residentsJessica Paola Arias, MDBogotá
Occupational HealthJuan Carlos Bocanegra, MDBogotá
SedationLiliana Suárez, MDBogotá
Ambulatory SurgeryJorge Rubio, MDMedellín

CONSULTATORY COMMITTEE — EX PRESIDENTS OF THE S.C.A.R.E.

Alberto Delgadillo, MD † (1946-1956)
Aníbal Galindo Holguín, MD † (1956-1961)
Horacio Martínez, MD (1961-1963)
José María Silva Gómez, MD (1963-1967)
Nacianceno Valencia Jaramillo, MD † (1967-1969)
Fabio Villalobos, MD † (1969-1971)
Jorge Colmenares Espinosa, MD † (1971-1973)
Marceliano Arrázola, MD (1973-1975)
Jaime Herrera Pontón, MD † (1975-1977)
Bernardo Ocampo Trujillo, MD (1977-1979)
Carlos Celis Carrillo, MD (1979-1981)
Isaac del Real Helo, MD (1981-1983)
Julio Enrique Peña Baquero, MD (1983-1985)
Sebastián Merlano, MD (1985-1987)
Luis Jorge Benedetti Esguerra, MD † (1987-1989)
María Eugenia Gómez Pizza, MD (1989-1991)
Manuel Galindo Arias, MD (1991-1993)
Arnobio Vanegas Árias, MD (1993-1995)
Saúl Antonio Charris Borelli, MD (1995-1997)
Jorge Mario Correa, MD (1997-1999)
Fernando Aguilera Castro, MD (1999-2001)
Rafael Macía Mejía, MD (2001-2003)
Mario Granados Sandoval, MD (2003-2005
Álbaro Yepes Martínez, MD (2005-2009)
Yazmín Higgins Turbay, MD (2009-2012)
Diego Calero Llanes (2012-2014)

José Ricardo Navarro (2015-2017)

COLOMBIAN SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOY AND RESUSCITATION MEMBER SOCIETIES

1. Sociedad Antioqueña de Anestesiología – SADEA
President: Luis Mauricio García Borrero, MD Carrera 43A No. 1 sur 100
Torre Banco Sudameris Of. 1001-1002
Tels: (094) 3151500 Ext. 109 - 2681098 Fax: 3113034
Medellín

2. Sociedad de Anestesiología del Atlántico – SARAT
President: Carlos León Ballesteros, MD Carrera 50 No. 79-121
Tels.: (095) 3689714 - 3689720 / Fax 3569317
Barranquilla

3. Sociedad de Anestesiología de Bolívar – SADEB
President: Rafael Llamas Cano, MD Callejón Dandy No. 21A- 45.
Barrio Manga P.15
Tels.: (095) 6655344 - Fax: (095) 6609412
Cartagena

4. Sociedad Boyacense de Anestesiología – SOBAYRE
President: Néstor Sánchez Mojica, MD Calle 20 No.12-84
C.C. Plaza Real Loc. 117
Tels.: (098) 7445898 - 7445899
Tunja

5.Sociedad Caldense de Anestesiología – SCA
President: Carlos Alberto Duque Hoyos, MD Carrera 23 No. 63-15 Of.: 203
Edificio El Castillo, Torre B
Tels.: (096) 8860627- 8813941
Manizales

6. Asociación Caucana de Anestesiología – ACAR

President: Olga Lucía Herrera Losada, MD Carrera 9 No. 18N-231
Of. 205 Terrazas del Norte
Tels.: (092) 8230198 - 8236644
Popayán

7. Sociedad Cesarense de Anestesiología – SCA
President: José Miguel Salgado Zequeda, MD
Carrera 14 No. 13B-60 Of. 210 Centro Ejecutivo Agora Tels.: (095) 5711568 / Fax: 5707040
Valledupar

8. Sociedad de Anestesiología de Córdoba – SACOR
President: María Isabel Moscote Rivera, MD Calle 62 No. 7-53 Barrio la Castellana
Tels.: (094) 7852504 -7850534
Montería

9. Sociedad Cundinamarquesa de Anestesiología – SCA
President: Dario Oliveros, MD Carrera 15A No. 121-12 Of. 418
Tels.: 2156975 - 6197826 - 6203392
Bogotá, D.C.

10. Sociedad de Anestesiología y Reanimación Guajira – SARG
President: Nayib Sesin Tanus, MD
Calle 7 No. 11-112 L. 5 y 6 Edificio Doña Cándida
Tels.: (095) 7274999 -7274900 -7274900
Riohacha

11. Sociedad Huilense de Anestesiología – SHARE
President: Carlos Andrés Calderón Torres, MD Carrera 5 No 12-09 Of. 501 Edificio Calle Real
Tels.: (098) 8717117 – 8717115 / Fax: 8717115
Neiva

12. Sociedad de Anestesiología del Magdalena – SAMAG
President: Rafael Velásquez, MD
Calle 24 Nº 3-95, Oficina 1007 Edificio Banco de Bogotá Tels.: (095) 4315383-4315322
Santa Marta

13.Asociación de Anestesiología del Meta – ASAME
President: Alexis René del Real Capera, MD Centro Comercial Villacentro. Locales 83 y 84 Tels.: (098) 6688407- 6674593
Villavicencio

14. Sociedad Nariñense de Anestesiología – SONAYR
President: Efrén Alberto López Ortega, MD Carrera 25 No. 15-62 Of. 201 Zaguán del Lago
Tels.: (092) 7228108
Pasto

15. Sociedad Nortesantandereana de Anestesiología y Reanimación – SNARE
President: Marco Aurelio Pompeyo Hernández Calle 16 No. 1E – 42 Barrio Caobos
Tels.: (097) 5831881 / Cel 3204921855
Cúcuta

16. Sociedad de Anestesiología de Quindío – SAQ
President: Fabián Mauricio Trujillo Monroy, MD
Calle 15 norte No. 14-16 Ed. Torre San Esteban Tels.: (096) 7493955
Armenia

17. Sociedad de Anestesiología de Risaralda - SAR
President: Fernando Montoya Navarrete, MD Carrera 7 No. 19-28 Of. 403. Edificio Torre Bolívar
Tels.: (096) 3255267 - 2354796
Pereira

18. Sociedad Santandereana de Anestesiología – SSAR
President: Jorge de Lugan Alvarado, MD Calle 45 No. 28-36 Verona Plaza
Tels.: (097) 6570799 - 6432632
Bucaramanga

19. Sociedad de Anestesiología de Sucre – SAS
President: Juan José Morales Tuesca, MD Carrera 20 No. 27-87
Edificio Cámara de Comercio 3er nivel A Tels.: (095) 2809629 - 2809630
Sincelejo

20. Sociedad Tolimense de Anestesiología – STAR
President: Evelio Augusto Santos Hernández, MD Calle 34 No. 4B-38, Barrio Cádiz Tels.: (098) 2618539 - 2639233
Ibagué

21. Sociedad de Anestesiología del Valle del Cauca – SARVAC
President: Fredy Jiovanni Ariza Cadena, MD Carrera 37 No. 5B 2-55 Barrio San Fernando Nuevo
Tels.: (092) 5123960 – 61656690 – 5240655
Cali

22. Sociedad Casanareña de Anestesiología Presidente: Álvaro José Manrique
Arango Calle 28 # 28b - 68
Tel.: 321 202 3392
Yopal