Original ArticlesEvidence-Based Refinement of Health and Social Services Exploring the Possibilities of Intravention ResearchMcWilliam, Carol L. MScN, EdD; Oudshoorn, Abram PhD, BScNAuthor Information Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. Correspondence: Carol L. McWilliam, MScN, EdD, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5C1, Canada ([email protected]). The authors declare no conflict of interest. Quality Management in Health Care: October/December 2011 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 280-292 doi: 10.1097/QMH.0b013e31823170a5 Buy Metrics Abstract To promote evidence-based refinement of quality health and social services delivery and care, decision makers, researchers, and practitioners often undertake intervention research. Intervention research tests and describes new strategies for achieving desired outcomes. But theoretical, methodological, and practical issues continue to plague even alternative participatory approaches to intervention research, raising questions about its potential for promoting quality health and social services and care. In response to this persistent challenge, the authors of this article propose a radical solution, namely intravention research, laying out its unique features as well as its theoretical and practical implications. Their conceptualization sets the stage for dialogue on options for advancing research methodologies and methods that might better promote evidence-informed health and social services. ©2011Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.