Background and Objectives:
Population health management (PHM) dashboards using electronic health record (EHR) data can teach trainees about the population they serve while also delivering data on their clinical practice. Yet, few studies have demonstrated their use. In this pilot study, we assessed baseline resident perceptions of population health metrics for continuity clinic panels by comparing resident estimates with EHR-reported values delivered by individualized PHM dashboards.
A descriptive, comparative study was conducted at a primary continuity clinic site for pediatric residents in January 2018. Residents were surveyed about population health metrics for their patient panels, including demographics, utilization, and medical diagnoses. We compared resident estimates to corresponding EHR-reported values using 2-tailed paired t tests.
A total of 42 out of 55 eligible residents (76%) completed the survey. Compared with EHR-reported values, residents estimated higher percentages of emergency department utilization (22.1% vs 10.3%, P < .01) and morbidity, including medical complexity (15.6% vs 5.9%, P < .01), overweight (38.1% vs 11.7%, P < .01), obesity (20.5% vs 15.8%, P = .02), and asthma (34.6% vs 21.4%, P < .01).
In this pilot study of PHM dashboards, resident perceptions of continuity clinic population health metrics did not align with EHR data. Estimates were higher for measures of utilization and morbidity. PHM dashboards may help trainees better understand their patient populations and serve as a consistent source of objective practice data. However, further research and investment is needed to evaluate dashboard implementation and impact on trainee and patient outcomes.