Background and Objectives:
The Israeli National Program for Quality Indicators (INPQ) sets as its primary goal to promote high-quality health care within selected core areas in the Israeli health system. Surgical site infection is one of the most common types of acquired infections. The INPQ supports 3 distinct indicators concerning suitable antibiotic treatment in colorectal surgery, cesarean sections, and surgery for femoral neck fractures.
We measured the number of patients who received prophylactic antibiotics, beginning an hour before the first cut and stopping after 24 hours in 1 of the 3 operations, according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes. Goals for success have been established annually according to the results of the previous year. Data computed for each operation included socioeconomic status, dates of hospitalization and release, date of death, date of birth, gender, date of operation, time of beginning and end of the operation, and time of beginning and end of anesthesia.
Within 3 to 5 years, we achieved a significant increase in appropriate prophylactic antibiotic use from 78% to 85%, 78% to 95%, and 66% to 88% for colorectal surgery (n = 9404), cesarean sections (n = 141 362), and femoral joint operations (n = 30 728), respectively. The mortality rate was lower, 1.85% versus 0.55% in patients who received proper antibiotic therapy (odds ratio [OR] = 3.141; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.829-5.394, P < .0001), 0.031% versus 0.006% (OR = 6.741; 95% CI, 1.879-21.187; P = .003), and 5.59% versus 4.51% (OR = 1.253; 95% CI, 1.091-1.439; P = .001), respectively.
Prophylactic antibiotic treatment is strongly recommended by medical guidelines. The experience of the INPQ supports this approach. We demonstrate a significant lower mortality rate in patients who have been properly treated.