Background and Objectives:
Patient safety is a vital component of high quality health care and all health care professionals have a responsibility for ensuring the delivery of safe care to patients. However, little is known about how Bhutanese health care professionals perceive their roles in improving patient safety. This study aimed to explore how Bhutanese health care professionals, educators, managers, and policy makers perceived their roles in improving patient safety.
Undertaken as a naturalistic inquiry using a qualitative exploratory descriptive research approach, a criterion-based stratified purposive sample of 94 health care professionals and managers from the Ministry of Health, a training institute, and 3 levels of hospitals were interviewed. All interview data were analyzed using content and thematic analysis strategies.
Data analysis identified 4 broad themes. Health care professionals' perceived role in safety and quality included formulating and implementing patient safety rules; management and administration of units and hospitals; patient assessment and management; and setting professional norms (including norms about peer influence and patient care/interaction).
The findings revealed that Bhutanese health care professionals were aware of their roles in improving patient safety processes and practices, and providing interprofessional education or training to all levels of health care professionals could help improve communication and patient safety in the Bhutanese health care system.