Original ArticlesSampling Considerations for Health Care ImprovementPerla, Rocco J. EdD; Provost, Lloyd P. MS; Murray, Sandra K. MAAuthor Information University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester (Dr Perla); Associates in Process Improvement, Austin, Texas (Mr Provost); and Corporate Transformation Concepts, Eugene, Oregon (Ms Murray). Correspondence: Lloyd P. Provost, Associates in Process Improvement, 115 E 5th St, No. 300, Austin, TX 78701 ([email protected]). The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Quality Management in Health Care: January/March 2013 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 36-47 doi: 10.1097/QMH.0b013e31827deadb Buy Metrics Abstract Sampling in improvement work can pose challenges. How is it different from the sampling strategies many use with research, clinical trials, or regulatory programs? What should improvement teams consider when determining a useful approach to sampling and a useful sample size? The aim of this article is to introduce some of the concepts related to sampling for improvement. We give specific guidance related to determining a useful sample size to a wider health care audience so that it can be applied to improvement projects in hospitals and health systems. ©2013Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.