has been identified as a psychosocial stressor that may contribute to disparities in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease
. The goal of the present article was to investigate the relationship of perceived racism
to ambulatory blood pressure
(ABP) in a sample of American-born Blacks and Latinos.
Participants included English-speaking Black or Latino(a) adults between the ages of 24 and 65. They completed daily mood diaries and measures of perceived racism
, socioeconomic status, and hostility. Participants were outfitted with ABP monitors; 357 provided data on waking hours only, and 245 provided data on both waking and nocturnal ABP.
was positively associated with nocturnal ABP even when controlling for personality factors and socioeconomic status.
The results suggest that racism
may influence cardiovascular disease
risk through its effects on nocturnal BP recovery.
ABP = ambulatory blood pressure; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; CVD = cardiovascular disease; SES = socioeconomic status; HTN = hypertension; AHA = American Heart Association; GHI = gross household income; BMI = body mass index; PEDQ-CV = Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire-Community Version.