A prognostic role for depressive disorder presence and/or elevated depressive symptoms in the onset and recurrence of cardiovascular disease
has been largely supported. Depression
is a multifaceted disorder, encompassing a wide range of somatic, cognitive, and mood symptoms; it varies in intensity, duration, frequency, course, and family history; it can be assessed continuously or categorically; it can be obtained by interview or by self-report; and importantly, the cardiac prognostic impact of these distinctions may vary. We provide an overview of definitions and possible assessment
, and we discuss key assessment
Examining the predictive ability of these key distinctions of depression
for acute coronary syndrome recurrence would be of benefit to future research in this field.
CVD = cardiovascular disease; ACS = acute coronary syndrome; MDD = major depressive disorder; SCID = Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV; DIS = Diagnostic Interview Schedule; DISH = Depression Interview and Structured Hamilton.