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Gender Differences in Health Information Needs and Decisional Preferences in Patients Recovering From an Acute Ischemic Coronary Event

Stewart, Donna E. MD, FRCPC; Abbey, Susan E. MD, FRCPC; Shnek, Zachary M. PhD; Irvine, Jane PhD, and; Grace, Sherry L. PhD

doi: 10.1097/01.PSY.0000107006.83260.12
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
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Objective This study examined gender differences in health information needs and decisional preferences after an acute ischemic coronary event (ICE).

Methods Patients with ICE, recruited in 12 coronary intensive care units, completed a questionnaire on demographic, disease-related, and psychosocial topics. Six and 12 months later, they completed mailed follow-up questionnaires.

Results Nine hundred six patients completed the baseline questionnaire, 541 (69%) completed the 6-month questionnaire, and 522 (64%) completed the 12-month questionnaire after hospital discharge. Men reported significantly more information received and greater satisfaction with healthcare practitioners meeting their information needs. Women wanted more information than men concerning angina and hypertension. Men wanted more information about sexual function and reported receiving more information about the role of each doctor, test results, treatments, cardiac rehabilitation, and how their families could support their lifestyle changes. Patients who reported receiving more information reported less depressive symptomatology and greater self-efficacy, healthcare satisfaction, and preventive health behaviors. Although most patients of both sexes preferred a shared decision-making role with their physician, the majority felt their doctor had made the main decisions.

Conclusions Patients after ICE, especially women, reported receiving much less information than they wanted from all health professionals. Most patients wanted a shared or autonomous treatment decision-making role with their doctor, but only a minority experienced this. Clinicians must do better, because meeting patients’ information needs and respecting their decisional preferences are shown to be associated with better self-efficacy, satisfaction, and health-promoting behavior.

University Health Network Women’s Health Program (D.E.S., S.E.A., S.L.G.) and Credit Valley Hospital (Z.M.S.), University of Toronto; and University Health Network (J.I.), York University, Toronto, Canada.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Donna E. Stewart, MD, FRCPC, Lillian Love Chair of Women’s Health, University Health Network, 657 University Avenue, ML 2-004, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2N2, Canada. E-mail: donna.stewart@uhn.on.ca

Received for publication June 21, 2003; revision received August 13, 2003.

This study was supported by a grant from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada to D.E.S. and S.E.A., and a Canadian Institutes for Health Research Postdoctoral Fellowship to S.L.G. The authors thank anonymous reviewers for their comments.

Copyright © 2004 by American Psychosomatic Society
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