A psychological evaluation of women with cancer of the breast, women with cancer of the cervix of the uterus, and a comparable group of women without malignant neoplasm, is covered in this report. Comparisons of the results of the present study with the findings of a previous similar study by Tarlau and Smalheiser and with the findings of a psychiatric study of cancer of the breast patients by Bacon, Renneker, and Cutler are made. Some of the findings of the earlier investigations are supported; many are not. The areas in which the greatest agreement between the studies has been found are early childhood environment, parental attitudes, and sexual attitudes and behavior. It is suggested that future studies of this type concentrate on these psychological areas.