A psychological evaluation of women with cancer of the breast, women with cancer of the cervix of the uterus, and a comparable group of women without malignant neoplasm, is covered in this report. Comparisons of the results of the present study with the findings of a previous similar study by Tarlau and Smalheiser and with the findings of a psychiatric study of cancer of the breast patients by Bacon, Renneker, and Cutler are made. Some of the findings of the earlier investigations are supported; many are not. The areas in which the greatest agreement between the studies has been found are early childhood environment, parental attitudes, and sexual attitudes and behavior. It is suggested that future studies of this type concentrate on these psychological areas.
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, Texas (J. I. W., Jr.); and Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (B. McD. C).
The authors wish to express their gratitude to Doctor Charles L. Eckert, of the Tumor Service, Washington University Clinics, for making available the patients used in this study. Thanks are also due to Miss Mabel Goatley, secretary of the Tumor Service.
Presented in condensed form at the American Psychological Association Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September, 1953.
Received April 16, 1954
Copyright © 1955 by American Psychosomatic Society