In the inpatient setting, dysphagia is a common, morbid, and costly condition. Antipsychotic medications in older patients have been associated with dysphagia. The purpose of this study was to determine if hospitalized patients who were exposed to antipsychotic medications had worse swallowing function than those who were not exposed. Retrospectively, all patients referred for swallowing difficulty who underwent a videofluoroscopic swallowing study during the course of their hospital care were considered eligible. We excluded patients younger than 50 years and those with a history of dysphagia, a medical cause for dysphagia, or chronic antipsychotic medication usage. Patients exposed to antipsychotics (n = 17) were matched at a 3:1 ratio to patients without exposure (n = 51) for age, comorbidity, and anticholinergic risk. Videofluoroscopic swallowing study was scored according to the Dysphagia Severity Rating Scale (range, 0-6; 6 = worst). Patients who were given antipsychotic medications scored significantly worse on the Dysphagia Severity Rating Scale compared with matched controls (4.1 ± 1.0 vs 3.0 ± 1.4; P < 0.01). Using the medication and dosage, the antipsychotic exposure was quantified by converting to chlorpromazine equivalency units. Higher doses of antipsychotic medication were associated with worse swallowing function (P = 0.04). Thus, the potential impact on swallow functions should be considered when prescribing antipsychotic medications in older patients.