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Breast Reconstruction Using a 3-dimensional Absorbable Mesh Scaffold and Autologous Fat Grafting: A Composite Strategy Using Tissue Engineering Principles

Schusterman, Mark Asher MD; Rehnke, Robert D. MD; Clarke, John M. MD; Price, Brent MD; Waheed, Uzma MD; Debski, Richard PhD; Badylak, Stephen F. MD, PhD, DVM; Rubin, J. Peter MD, FACS

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open: August 2019 - Volume 7 - Issue 8S-1 - p 23-24
doi: 10.1097/01.GOX.0000584324.39661.ad
Breast Abstracts
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University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction remains an important field in plastic surgery, with most procedures utilizing implants and/or autologous tissue. Few series report on experience with fat grafting as the primary form of breast reconstruction. This study reports a novel method of breast reconstruction using a 3-dimensional absorbable mesh scaffold and subsequent autologous fat grafting (AFG).

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who underwent breast reconstruction using Lotus scaffold and AFG. Postoperative mammogram and magnetic resonance imaging were analyzed, and tissue specimens collected at subsequent procedures were harvested and stained with H&E for histologic evaluation. Finally, compression testing of the scaffold was performed using a tensiometer and digital tracking technology.

RESULTS: Twenty-two patients underwent reconstruction of 28 breasts using Lotus scaffold and AFG between February 2015 and February 2018. Average follow-up was 19 months. All patients were satisfied with final breast shape and size. Mean patient age was 60.5 years, and average body mass index was 28. Patients required on average 2 fat grafting sessions to achieve a successful result (range, 1–4). Postoperative mammogram and magnetic resonance imaging revealed robust adipose tissue in the breast with a slowly resorbing mesh and no oil cysts or calcifications. Histologic evaluated revealed no capsule formation with ingrowth of fat tissue around the scaffold. Compression testing revealed that the Lotus scaffold is a compliant construct with a high resilience profile.

CONCLUSIONS: The Lotus scaffold with AFG is a viable method for breast reconstruction, giving the patient an autologous reconstruction with less morbidity than free tissue transfer.

Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of The American Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.