Distraction osteogenesis needs to be regularly assessed in some way to monitor the degree of advancement. X-ray is used for the general evaluation of osteotomy. However, radiation exposure should be avoided. The purpose of this study is to evaluate 3-dimensional (3D) camera imaging for postoperative evaluation. Three patients who underwent Le Fort I or III advancement osteotomy using rigid external distraction and internal distraction were observed in this study. The degrees of the distractions were evaluated using VECTRA H1 3D imaging in addition to computed tomographic (CT) scans. In the VECTRA 3D imaging, the tilt and size of the faces were corrected using the dedicated software for imaging. The preoperative and postoperative images were superimposed, and the distances of motion between the landmarks were measured. In CT scans, the bone distances between osteotomy points of the pterygomaxillary junction were analyzed. As the VECTRA 3D imaging can be compared by overlaying previous photographs, it served as a good tool to evaluate the distractions. However, both the soft-tissue movement measured by VECTRA and CT bony measurements did not match the total amount of movement for the internal distraction devices. The bony advancements were less than the amount of distraction. The soft tissues shrank after the distraction was completed in all cases. Three-dimensional camera imaging is considered to be a useful tool for the evaluation of distraction osteogenesis.
From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.
Published online 25 June 2019.
Received for publication November 7, 2018; accepted February 1, 2019.
Presented in part at the 10th World Cleft Lip, Palate & Craniofacial Congress International Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation, 2016, Chennai, India.
Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.
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Koichi Ueda, MD, PhD, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka 569–8686, Japan, E-mail: email@example.com
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