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PSTM 2016 Abstract Supplement

PSTM 2016 Abstract Supplement

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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open: September 2016 - Volume 4 - Issue 9S - p 1-18
doi: 10.1097/01.GOX.0000503243.63117.c7
  • Open




1 Plastic Surgery 2016: The Abstract Supplement



3 Utilizing a Novel Cell Sourcing Strategy to Fabricate the First Full-Scale Tissue Engineered Human Ear Scaffold

3 Adipose Derived Stem Cells Enhance Vascularity in an Irradiated Murine Mandibular Fracture Model

4 Adipose Derived Stem Cells Improve Union Rates and Biomechanical Strength Following Fracture in the Irradiated Murine Mandible

5 Stem Cells Harvested from Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue Demonstrate Equivalent Healing Potential in a Murine Model of Irradiated Mandibular Fracture Healing

5 Progenitor Cell-Free and Exogenous Growth Factor-Free In Vivo Bone Regeneration Using Nanoparticulate Mineralized Collagen Scaffolds

6 Comparative Impact Resistance of Titanium Mesh (Ti), Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK) in an in vitro Cranioplasty Model

7 Outcomes in Reconstruction of Composite Scalp and Calvarial Defects – Revisiting the Role of Alloplastic Cranioplasty in High Risk Patients

7 Transplantation of Decellularized Zygomatic Bone Augmented with BMP-2 as an Allogeneic Bone Graft Alternative for Maxillofacial Defects: A Pilot Study in Rabbits

8 Gracilis Muscle Vs Lengthening Temporalis Myoplasty for Smile Reanimation

9 The Mini-Temporalis Flap – Useful Adjunct in Facial Reanimation Surgery

9 Vascular Anomalies of the Lip Challenge the Reconstructive Rule of Thirds

10 Utility of Postoperative Mandibulomaxillary Fixation after Rigid Internal Fixation of Isolated Mandibular Fractures

11 A Nationwide Comparison of Pharyngeal and Jaw Surgery for Sleep Apnea: Socioeconomic Differences and Complications

11 Does Extraction of Third Molars at the Time of Orthognathic Surgery Increase Intra-Operative and Peri-Operative Complications? - A Follow-Up Study


12 A Population-Based Study of the Social Implications Associated with the Cleft Lip and/or Palate Deformity

12 Decreasing Burden of Care for Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate

13 Factors Influencing the Early Visual Processing of Cleft Faces

14 Differences in Weight Loss and Recovery after Cleft Lip and Palate Repair

15 Long-term Lip Height Asymmetry Following Primary Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair

15 Ex Utero Repair of Cleft Lip Using Targeted Wnt Delivery

16 Modified Furlow Palatoplasty Using Small Double-Opposing Z-Plasty for Patients with Cleft Lip and/or Palate

16 Speech and Surgical Outcomes in International Adoptees with Cleft Palate

17 Computer-Assisted Orthognathic Surgery for Patients with Cleft Lip/Palate: From Traditional Planning to Three-Dimensional Surgical Simulation

18 The Change of Posterior Pharyngeal Space after Counter Clock-wise Rotational Orthognathic Surgery Based on Cephalometry

19 Oncologic Accuracy of Shave Biopsy for Malignant Melanoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma

19 Composite Eye and Periorbital Allotransplantation Flap: A Cadaveric Study

20 Suitability of the Transverse Cervical Artery as a Recipient Vessel in Head and Neck Free Flap Microvascular Reconstruction

21 Rhomboideus Perforator Flap: A Variation of the Dorsal Scapular Island Flap

22 Outcomes after Complex Head and Neck Reconstruction Using Chimeric Flap vs One Component Flaps: Matched Cohort Study

22 Extending the Reach of Free Flaps to the Calvarium or Skull Base Using the Descending Branch of the Lateral Circumflex Femoral Vessels

22 Endoscopic-Assisted Radial Forearm Free Flap Harvest: Long-Term Results, Complications, and Patient Satisfaction

23 Prospective Analysis of Double Skin Paddle Fibula Flap for Composite Head and Neck Reconstruction

24 Trismus Release after Previous Free Flap Reconstruction: Surgical Approach for Severe Recurrent Cases


24 Polymethylmethacrylate-Collagen for the Correction of Moderate to Severe Atrophic Acne Scars: Results of a Randomized Double-Blind Multicenter Study with 12 Month Follow-Up

25 The Efficacy of Two Melon-Derived Superoxide Dismutase/Wheat Gliadin Oral Formulae in the Treatment of Facial Skin Hyperpigmentation and Erythema

26 The Management of Facial Hypertrophic Scars by Using Fractional CO2 Laser, Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, Regenerative Epithelial Suspension and Lipoinjection Combination

26 Efficacy of Laser and Light Therapy for the Treatment of Non-Atrophic Scars: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

27 Incidence and Risk Factors for Major Surgical Site Infections in Aesthetic Surgery: Analysis of 129,007 Patients

28 Is Cosmetic Surgery Tourism Worth It? A Cost Analysis of Nontuberculous Mycobacterium Surgical Site Infections Contracted Abroad

28 Medical Tourism and its Impact on Plastic Surgery in the United States

29 Brazilian Buttocks: Fat Grafting Technique Standardization

29 Implementation of the AkademiKliniken Method of Subpectoral Breast Augmentation with Anatomic, Highly Cohesive Silicone Gel Implants: The First 620 Consecutive Cases

30 Clinical, Biomechanical and Anatomic Investigation of Colles’ Fascia and Pubic Ramus Periosteum for Use During Medial Thighplasty

31 Impact of Technique and Patient Subtype on Abdominoplasty Outcomes: A 12-year Massachusetts General Hospital Experience

31 Myofascial Repair with Sub-lay Mesh in Abdominoplasty Provide Durable Aesthetic & Functional Outcomes

32 The “Boomerang Lift”: A 3-Step Compartment Based Approach to the Youthful Cheek

33 Characterizing Fat in the Superficial and Intermediate Layers of the Neck: Analyzing Variations with Age using Volumetric Computed Tomography

33 A Prospective, Within-Subject Controlled Study of the Safety of Allograft Adipose Tissue Injections into the Hypodermis of Healthy Adults

34 Impact of Observer Age and Gender On the Visual Processing of Faces

35 Autologous Buttocks Augmentation with Fat Grafting: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis

35 Our Clinical Approaches to Different Types of Secondary Abdominal Contour Deformities after Body Contouring Surgeries

36 Implant Bra Sizing: Are Patients Getting Accurate Information?


36 The Plastic Surgeon As Employee

37 The Impact of the Sunshine Act Open Payments Database on Industry Financial Relationships in Plastic Surgery

38 3D Breast Imaging For Cosmetic Breast Surgery: Does 3D Imaging Improve Patient Reported Outcomes In Primary Breast Augmentation?

38 Opioid Consumption Following Outpatient Plastic Surgery

39 Patient Demand for Plastic Surgeons for Every US State Based on Google Trends

39 Approach to Management Using Evidence Based Medicine: Proliferative Breast Lesions Among Reduction Mammoplasty Specimens

40 Liposomal Bupivacaine in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction: Patient Outcomes and Economics

41 Reimbursement in Breast Reconstruction: To Carve Out or Cut Out, that is the Question

42 Patient Care and Quality Improvement: Utilization of a Novel Risk Calculator to Predict Unanticipated Postoperative Readmission

42 Shared Decision Making in Pediatric Plastic Surgery: A Multicenter Prospective Study in a Cohort of Patients with Vascular Malformations

43 The Economic Impact of Skin Cancer

43 The Proliferation of Accredited Plastic Surgery Subspecialty Fellowship Programs

44 Resident Performance on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Exam Varies By Training Year and Pathway

44 Trends in Racial, Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Integrated Versus Independent Plastic Surgery Residencies

45 Pregnancy and the Plastic Surgery Resident

45 Impact of an Online Event Reporting System on Resident Complication Reporting in Plastic Surgery Training: Addressing the Practice-Based Learning and Improvement Core Competency

46 The Gender Gap in Academic Plastic Surgery: A 45-Year Analysis

46 The Evolution of Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Plastic Surgery Residency Programs

47 Readability of Online Patient Resources for Head & Neck Procedures


48 Mechanical Processing of Emulsified Lipoaspirate Results in a Dose-Dependent Upregulation of Stem Cell Markers and Populations

48 The Negative Effect of Tumescent Lidocaine on Lipoaspirate Stem Cell Survival

49 Mechanical Isolation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction: Is It Becoming a Growing Trend?

50 Stromal Vascular Fraction Enhanced Adipose Transplantation in Hair Loss: Early Experience & Active Phase II FDA Investigation

51 Isolation and Characterization of a Fibroblast Sub-Population Responsible for Cutaneous Scarring in the Ventral Dermis

51 Effects of Topical Hyaluronic Acid Injection in Surgical Site Infection Caused by Staphylococcus Aureus

52 Non-Thermal Plasma Treatment Safely and Rapidly Eradicates MRSA from Infected Wounds

53 Vascular Anatomy of Facial Units for Vascularized Composite Tissue Transplantation Design in a Large Animal Model: An in-Vivo and Radiological Study

53 Analysis of Acute Skin Rejection in Non-Human Primate Models of Face and Hand Allotransplantation

54 Immunomodulation in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation – Preliminary Results in a Non-human Primate Model with Tocilizumab

55 Ex-vivo Subnormothermic Oxygenated Machine Perfusion of Swine Forelimbs Enables Prolonged Graft Preservation Prior to Transplantation

56 Reducing Ambient Oxygen Tension Optimizes the Fabrication and Maturation of Pre-Vascularized Tissue Engineered Flaps

56 Radiological and Histological Assessment in Perforator Flap Microvasculature Following Pretreatment with Topical Negative Pressure Therapy: An Experimental Rat Model

57 Ex Vivo Normothermic Limb Perfusion and Limb Specific Monitoring Evaluation of Perfusion Quality

58 Topical Application of Nitrosonifedipine, a Novel Free Radical Scavenger, Ameliorate the Ischemic Skin Flap Necrosis

58 Safety and Efficacy of Sufentanil Sublingual 30 mcg Tablets for the Treatment of Acute Pain following Outpatient Abdominoplasty

59 Racial and Ethnic Variations in Clinical and Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction

60 Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Enhance Cytotoxicity Towards Breast Tumors While Preserving the Wound Healing Function of Adipose Derived Stem Cells



62 Pyriform and Paranasal Alterations During Rhinoplasty

62 Virtual Rhinoplasty Becomes Reality: Intra-Operative Monitoring with 3D Photography

63 Deep Pyriform Space: Anatomical Clarifications and Clinical Implications

63 Reduction in Postoperative Rhinoplasty Edema with Time

64 Can a Surgery-First Orthognathic Approach Reduce the Total Treatment Time?

64 In Vivo Degradation of Hyaluronic Acid (HA)-Based Fillers by Exogenous Hyaluronidases

65 Anatomic and Histologic Investigation of Nasolabial Rejuvenation with Wire Subcision and Adjunctive Filler Injection

66 Emerging Applications of Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Rhinoplasty

66 Beard Reconstruction - A Surgical Algorithm

67 The Longevity of Brow Elevation in Endoscopic Brow Lift with Endotine Fixation

67 Buccal Fat Augmentation During Facelift Using A Transoral Approach: Patient Selection and Surgical Technique

68 New Insights for Botulinum Neuromodulator Targets for Correction of the Nasolabial Fold and Midface Rhytids: An Anatomic study and Introduction of the Malar Levator Muscle


69 Validation of Regenerative Peripheral Nerve Interfaces for Control of a Myoelectric Hand by Macaques and Human

69 Muscle-Derived Stem Cells Are Capable of Transformation into Cells with Schwann Cell-Like Phenotypes

70 Investigation into the Optimal Number of Intercostal Nerve Transfers for Musculocutaneous Nerve Re-Innervation

71 Peripheral Nerve Decompression for the Treatment of Chronic Pain in Burn Patients: Learning Curve Analysis to Determine Effect of Surgical Volume on Complications and Clinical Outcomes

72 Nerve Transfer Versus Interpositional Nerve Graft Reconstruction for Post-traumatic, Isolated Axillary Nerve Injuries: A Systematic Review

72 The Groin vs. Submental Vascularized Lymph Node Flaps: A Head to Head Comparison of Surgical Outcomes following Treatment for Upper Limb Lymphedema

73 The Optimal Distal Recipient Site for Vascularized Submental Lymph Node Flap in the Treatment of Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: Dorsal Wrist Vs. Volar Wrist

73 Suction-Assisted Lipectomy May Improve Physiologic Function in Patients with Lymphedema

74 Locoregional Microbiology Differs by Mechanism, Location, Type, and First Intervention at Initial Evaluation: Novel Findings in Hand Infection Epidemiology

74 Analysis of Thumb and First Webspace Injuries Due to Fireworks

75 Fracture Patterns Following Gunshot Wounds to the Upper Extremity

75 Upper Extremity Injuries Seen at a Level 1 Trauma Center: Does Insurance Status Matter?


76 Postoperative Management After Total Pharyngolaryngectomy Using The Free Ileocolon Flap: A 5-year Surgical Intensive Care Unit Experience

77 Lymph Node Flap Transfer and Modified Charles Procedure for Advanced Lower Limb Lymphedema

77 Laparoscopic Harvest of an Extended Right Gastroepiploic Lymph Node Flap With Double Level Inset in Patients With Extremity Lymphedema

78 Management of Primary and Secondary Lymphedema: Analysis of 400 Referrals to a Center

79 Applications of the Combined Transverse Upper Gracilis and Profunda Artery Perforator (TUGPAP) Flap

79 Risk Stratification of Major Complications After Outpatient Abdominoplasty or Panniculectomy

80 In a Little While: Anticipating Changes in Bundled Payments for the Treatment of Patients with Acute, Life-threatening Dermatologic Emergencies, Through Prevention of Healthcare Associated Infections

81 Academic Productivity of Microsurgery Fellowship Faculty

81 Academic Productivity of Craniofacial Surgery Fellowship Faculty

82 High Voltage Electrical Burn Injuries of Hand in Children: A Clinico-Aetiological Study and Role of a Doctor in Its Prevention


83 A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Autologous Fat Grafting for Pedal Fat Pad Atrophy

83 Subcutaneous Injection of SVF in Combination with HBOT Improves Viability of Unfavorably Designed Cutaneous Flaps

84 Fabrication of a Tissue-Engineered Pre-Vascularized Perfusable Skin Flap

85 Vacuum Assisted Flap Delay, a Novel Strategy to Increase the Flap Survival: An Experimental Study in Rabbits

85 Burn Scar Regeneration with the “Sufa” (Subcision and Fat Grafting) Technique. A Prospective Clinical Study

86 Improving Wound Healing Using α-gal: Antibody Stimulated Macrophage Directed Wound Healing

87 Results of Keloid Treatment with Excision followed by Brachytherapy

88 Deep Vein Thrombosis Risk - First External Physical Marker - Multiple Lipomas Associated with Thrombophilia

88 Myofascial Flap Closures Decrease Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks in Tethered Cord Patients

89 Musculoskeletal Stability and Function after Oncologic Resection: More than Just Coverage

90 Population Preferences for Surgical Treatment of Refractory Migraine Headache: A Utility Outcomes Study

90 Targeted Peripheral Nerve-Directed Onabotulinumtoxin A Injection is an Effective Long-Term Therapy for Migraine Headache


91 Acellular Dermal Matrix in Immediate Expander/Implant Breast Reconstruction: A Multicenter Assessment of Risks and Benefits

91 Surgeon-Controlled Study and Meta-Analysis Comparing FlexHD and AlloDerm in Immediate Breast Reconstruction Outcomes

92 Is There a Preferable Acellular Dermal Matrix - Breast Implants Match: A Comparative Electron Microscopy Scanning of Two Different Implant-Matrix Interfaces

93 Adipofascial Flap Versus ADM: An Intraoperative Selection Algorithm for Implant Coverage in Immediate Breast Reconstruction

93 United States Epidemiology of Breast Implant- Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

94 Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) in Australia & New Zealand

95 Prospective Analysis of Breast Revision-Augmentation on Body Image Using the BREAST-Q in More Than 2000 Women: Results from a Nationwide Study

95 Autologous Breast Reconstruction and Post-Mastectomy Radiation: Is Delayed Reconstruction a Thing of the Past?

96 Thin Patients are at Higher Risk for Venous Congestion During DIEP Reconstruction

97 The Impact of Implementing a Standardized Postoperative Pathway on Underserved Patients Undergoing Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction

97 The Use of Both Antegrade and Retrograde Internal Mammary Vessels in the Bipedicled (double-barrel) Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flap for Unilateral Breast Reconstruction

98 Two-Stage Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction is Safer Than Immediate One-Stage Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction Augmented with an Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial

99 A Prospective Randomized Trial to Assess Perfusion and Patient Satisfaction in Nipple-Areola Skin Sparing Mastectomy with Immediate Reconstruction

99 Intraoperative Comparison of Round vs. Anatomical Implants in Primary Breast Augmentation


100 The Effect of Technical Options on the Outcome of Seroma Formation in Abdominoplasty: A Systematic Review

101 Why Women Request Labiaplasty

101 Postburn Head and Neck Reconstruction: An Algorithmic Approach

102 Immediate Reconstruction with Autologous Temporoparietal Fascia after Enucleation of Infected or Extruded Alloplastic Nasal Implants

102 Revision of Patients with Severe Blepharoptosis and Poor Levator Function Post Tu Flap Procedure

103 Minimal Invasive Techniques for Periorbital Rejuvenation

104 A Systematic Review of Studies Comparing Efficacy and Complications among Various Spacer Grafts in the Treatment of Lower Eyelid Retraction

104 Disparities in Cosmetic Procedures Performed by Plastic Surgery Residents

105 Effective Skin and SMAS Lifting Direction of Facelift in Asian

105 Video Documentation of Botulinum Toxin Treatment For Dynamic Perioral Asymmetry

106 Facial Feminization Surgery: Effectiveness, Optimization of the Process and Complications

107 Effect of Botulinum Toxin Injection Intervals on the Irreversibility of Targeted Muscle Paralysis: An Electromyographic Study

108 What Is the Lobular Branch of the Great Auricular Nerve? Anatomical Description and Significance in Rhytidectomy


108 Vaginal Reconstruction with Interdigitating Y-flaps in Women with Transverse Vaginal Septa

109 Obturator Artery Perforator Propeller Flap for Scrotal and Vulvar Reconstruction

110 Outpatient Male-to-Female Vaginoplasty Is a Safe Procedure

110 A Systematic Review Examining Metaidoioplasty and Radial Forearm Flap Phalloplasty in Female-to-Male Genital Reconstruction: Is the Ideal Neophallus an Achievable Goal?

111 Reliable Complex Abdominal Wall Hernia Repairs with a Narrow Well-Fixed Retrorectus Polypropylene Mesh: A Review of over 100 Consecutive Cases

112 The Use of Lightweight, Large-Pore Polypropylene Mesh Onlay in the Repair of Contaminated Abdominal Wall Defects: A Single Center Experience

112 Primary Fascial Closure with Mesh Reinforcement Results in Lower Complication and Recurrence Rates Than Bridged Mesh Repair for Abdominal Wall Reconstruction: A Propensity Score Analysis

113 Surgeon and Hospital Factors in Open Ventral Hernia Repair

114 Panniculectomy in Renal Transplant Candidates: A High Complication Rate Yields a Higher Reward

114 Long-Term Outcomes (>36 Months) for Complex Abdominal Wall Reconstruction with Acellular Dermal Matrix

115 Wound Contamination Does Not Affect Outcomes with Acellular Dermal Matrix in Abdominal Wall Reconstruction: Evidence from Propensity Score Analysis

115 Management of Acute and Chronic Loss of Abdominal Domain Using Early Peritoneal Cavity Expansion with the Wittmann Patch as an Adjunct in Abdominal Wall Reconstruction

116 P4HB: The Ideal Mesh for Complex Abdominal Wall Reconstruction?

117 Prior Radiotherapy Does Not Affect Abdominal Wall Reconstruction Outcomes: A Propensity Score Analysis


117 Kienböck’s Disease; a Retrospective Review of 100 Surgical Cases

118 Functional Outcomes of Treatments for Preiser’s Disease

118 Carpal Translocation Following Dorsal Bridge Plate Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures: A Cadaveric Study

119 Cost Analysis of Percutaneous Fixation of Hand Fractures in the Main Operating Room Versus the Ambulatory Setting

119 Incidence of Trigger Digits after Carpal Tunnel Release: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study

120 Congenital Syndactyly Reconstruction of 391 Webspaces

120 Development and Field-Testing of an Alternative Low-Cost Hand Splint for Burn Contracture

121 A Viable Alternative to Wrist Fusion: The Motec Arthroplasty

121 First Report of Bilateral Hand Allotransplantation in a Pediatric Patient

122 Analysis of National Institutes of Health Funding in Hand Surgery

122 Do Plastic Surgery Residents Receive Similar Hand Surgery Training?

123 Extensor Pollicis Brevis Subcompartment Characteristics in the 1st Dorsal Extensor Compartment: An Anatomic Study

123 Side Sleeping Position is Associated with Less Frequent Nighttime Numbness and Tingling


124 Matching into Plastic Surgery: The Value of Research Fellowships

125 Does the Organization of Plastic Surgery into Independent Departments Affect Academic Productivity?

125 Citation Rate Predictors in the Plastic Surgery Literature

126 The Benefit of a Formal Plastic Surgery In-Service Conference in Improvement of In- Service Scores

127 Intraoperative Indocyanine Green Laser Angiography in Pediatric Autologous Ear Reconstruction

127 Ultrasound Visualization of the Lymphatic Vessels in the Lower Limbs

127 A Novel Text Messaging Alert System Used with Continuous Tissue Oximetry Monitoring to Improve Free Flap Outcomes

128 ATAC-seq Reveals Heterogeneity of Fibroblasts During Transition from Scarless Fetal to Scar-Forming Adult Wound Repair

129 Evaluation of the Potential for Improved Wound Healing Through the Usage of a Topical Resveratrol Preparation

129 Suture Materials Containing the Antimicrobial Taurolidine

130 Generation of a Novel Scaffold for In Vivo Polarization of Therapeutic Macrophages and Delivery of IL 10 to Improve Cutaneous Wound Healing

131 Bioactive Peptide Amphiphilic Gels Enhance Burn Wound Healing: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies

131 Open-Source, Customizable, 3D-Printed Ocular Prosthetics as a Viable Alternative to Traditional Ocular Prosthetics

132 Desktop Stereolithography: An Affordable And Time-Efficient Alternative



134 Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Blocks with Single-Dose Liposomal Bupivacaine Reduce Length of Stay Following Abdominally-Based Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction

135 2 Stage Approach to Autologous Breast Reconstruction Is Cost Effective and Improves Aesthetic Outcomes

135 Identifying Risk Factors for Fat Necrosis After Autologous Fat Transplantation to the Breast

136 Liposomal Bupivacaine Reduces Postoperative Narcotic Use in Patients Undergoing Abdominal-Based Autologous and Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction

136 Current Trends and Controversies in Breast Augmentation

137 Paravertebral Regional Blockade is Associated with Reduced Opioid Requirements and Less Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting in Reduction Mammaplasty

137 Five-Year Safety Data from the Breast Implant Follow-up Study: Comparison of Silicone Implants with National Norms and Saline Implants in More Than 48,000 Subjects Following Breast Augmentation

138 “Breast in a Day”: Examining Immediate, Permanent Implant Reconstruction in Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy

138 Direct-to-Implant versus Two-Staged Expander-Implant Reconstruction: Comparision of Risks and Patient-Report Outcomes from A Prospective, Multi-Center Study

139 Targeted Two Stage Risk Reducing Mastopexi/Reduction and Straight to Implant NSM

140 The Nipple-Areola Preserving Mastectomy

141 Breast Tissue Expanders and MRI: Defining Surgeons’ Opinions, Clinical Outcomes, and Optimal Parameters for Safety

141 Technique to Promote Symmetry in Two-Staged Bilateral Breast Reconstruction in the Setting of Unilateral Post-Mastectomy Radiation

142 Assessing Clinical Risk Factors for Early (30 Day) and Late (1 year) Re-admission following Immediate Breast Reconstruction


142 Cranial Expansion In Nonsyndromic Sagittal Synostosis Re-Establishes Resting Connectivity Patterns By Functional MRI

143 Endoscopic Strip Craniectomy Yields Better Results than Pi Craniectomy for Treatment of Sagittal Craniosynostosis

143 Impact of Age at Whole-Vault Cranioplasty and Reoperation on Long-Term Neurocognitive Outcomes in Sagittal Craniosynostosis

144 Location and Time of Maximal Head Shape Change in Strip Craniectomy with Barrel Staves and Helmet Therapy by 2D and 3D Imaging for Treatment of Sagital Craniosynostosis

145 Experience of 106 Cranial Distraction for Craniosynostosis; Evaluate Surgical Outcome and Complications

145 Posterior Vault Distraction in Multi-Suture Craniosynostosis: A Radiologic Morphometric Assessment

146 The Use of Distraction Osteogenesis in the Treatment of Rickets-Associated Craniosynostosis

147 Outcomes of Patients with Unicoronal Craniosynostosis Treated by Endoscopic Strip Craniectomy

147 Evaluation of a Patient with Metopic Synostosis Treated using Cranial Orthosis

148 Trigonocephaly: Are We Able to Establish Objective Clinical Parameters Without the Need for CT-Based Analysis?

149 Language Phoneme Discrimination in Infants with Sagittal Craniosynostosis: An ERP Study

149 Standardized Protocol for Visual Surgical Plan and Three Dimensional Surgical Template-Assisted Single-Stage Mandible Contour Surgery

150 Nasal Monobloc for Late Nasal and Orbital Asymmetry of Unicoronal Synostosis

150 Osseointegrated Orbital Reconstruction: A 24-Year Experience


151 Multi-site Lymphaticovenular Bypass Using Supermicrosurgery Technique for Lymphedema Management in Lower Lymphedema Cases

152 Optimal Sites for Supermicrosurgical Lymphaticovenular Anastomosis: An Analysis of 1259 Anastomoses

152 Characterization and Anatomy of Omental Flap and Gastroepiploic Vascularized Lymph Nodes

153 Is the Deep Inferior Epigastric Lymph Node Flap an Appropriate Alternative to the Right Gastroepiploic Lymph Node Flap for Treatment of Upper Extremity Lymphedema?

154 Lower Extremity Lymphedema with Leg Dermal Backflow Stage 2–3 Treated by the Superior-Edge-of-the-Knee Incision Method: Is a Single Lymphaticovenular Anastomosis Enough?

154 Diagnostic Accuracy of Lymphoscintigraphy for Lymphedema

155 Bi-level Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer: More Effective Than Single Site?

156 Computed Tomographic Angiography-Assisted Vascular Assessment of Internal Mammary Vessels

156 Even Better Than the Real Thing? The Use of Xenografting in Pediatric Patients with Scald Injury -- A Single-Institution, 10-Year Review

157 Panniculectomy with Simultaneous Ventral Hernia Repair: A Retrospective Analysis of Surgical Outcomes

157 Flaps and Lower Extremity Trauma: Differences in Flap Rates Across the United States

158 The Association Between Smoking and Plastic Surgery Outcomes in 40,465 patients: An Analysis of the ACS-NSQIP Datasets

159 “I Can’t Believe You’re Back:” Expanded 30-day Readmissions After Plastic Surgery

160 Principles and Algorithm for the Microsurgical Treatment of Unstable Keloids on the Trunk after Burn Injury


160 Transgender Subcutaneous Mastectomy for Gender Affirmation: A Single Surgeon’s 5-Year Experience

161 Revisiting Buttock Implant Placement-Tilt Your Implants, Enhance Your Shaping Results

161 Autologous Fat Transfer for Augmentation Mammoplasty and Gluteal Reshaping, a Video Presentation

162 Myectomy and Myotomy In Situ for Benign Essential Blepharospasm

163 Effectiveness of Lymphatic Microsurgical Procedures in the Treatment of Primary Lymphedema

163 Nipple-Areolar Complex Reconstruction: A Compilation of Techniques to Achieve a Natural Result

164 Plastic Surgery Tool-Kit to Build a Culture of Patient Safety, Quality, and Service

165 Trainee Selection and the Correlation between Cognitive and Technical Skill Evaluation

165 A New Modified Closed-Open Approach as Part of a Graduated and Integrative Approach to Rhinoplasty

166 The Neighboring Flap Theory: A New Idea for Defect Closure Achieving Both Reducing the Defect and Confirmed Primary Donor Closure

166 Alar Pinning with Rigid External Distraction for Treatment of Midfacial Hypoplasia

167 Intermittent Irrigation of the Microvascular Anastomosis Site During the Critical First 72 Hours

168 Assessment of Nursing Deficiencies in the Postoperative Care of Microsurgical Patients

168 Three Alternatives for Head and Neck Reconstruction in the Absence of Recipient Vessels

169 The IV-3000 Dressing: A Conservative Treatment for Fingertip Injury


170 Assessing the Association Between Seroma and Surgical Site Infection in Immediate Breast Reconstruction

170 Pectoral Sparing Immediate Implant Breast Reconstruction

171 Oncoplastic Volume Replacement Using Local Perforator Flaps

171 Determining the Oncologic Safety of Autologous Fat Grafting as a Reconstructive Modality: an Institutional Review of Breast Cancer Recurrence Rates and Surgical Outcomes

172 An Anatomical and Histological Intercostal Nerve Study to Determine Optimal Recipient Site for Sensory Reinnervation in Autologous Breast Reconstruction

173 Routine Sampling of Internal Mammary Lymph Nodes During Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction – Experience Based on 524 Microsurgical Breast Reconstructions

173 Comparison of Donor-Site Morbidity, Functional Outcome, and Pain Following Abdominal Autologous Breast Reconstruction

174 Ultrasound Study of the Natrelle 410 Anatomical Silicone Breast Implant Rupture: Over a 5-Year Follow-Up

174 An Algorithm for Creation of the Male Nipple Areolar Complex in the Female to Male Transgender Population

175 A Validated Multi-Institutional Approach To Optimizing Outcomes Of Reduction Mammoplasty: A Critical Analysis Of 7,068 Patients

176 Evaluation of a New Concept in Two-Stage Breast Reconstruction: Patient Controlled Tissue Expansion using the AeroForm CO2 Tissue Expander System

176 Perfusion Assessment of the Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator Flap: A Blood Gas Analysis

177 A Study of the Factors that Influence the Nipple Sparing Mastectomy Decision-Making Process


178 Cervical Neck Injury Among Plastic Surgeons

178 Impact of Observer Cultural Background On the Visual Processing of Cleft Lip and Other Forms of Facial Difference Facial Deformities

179 The Influence of Age and Facial Image Attractiveness on Pupillary Response

180 Robotic-Assisted Cleft Palate Repair: A Feasibility Study

180 Utilizing Shear Stress to Optimize Endoluminal Linings within Pre-Vascularized Engineered Tissues

181 Single and Double Reinnervation of the Gastrocnemius Muscle in Rats - Experimental Model

182 Fluorescent Angiography Demonstrates Changes in Wound Microvasculature as a Result of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

183 Skeletal Muscle Regeneration Utilizing Muscle Derived Stem Cell Augmented Scaffolds: Preliminary Studies to Create an Optimized in vitro Construct

183 What Factors Contribute to the Academic Productivity of Plastic Surgeons?

184 Contributions of Plastic Surgery to Hospital Based, Pediatric Care in the United States, 2000–2012

185 Assessing Quality in Systematic Reviews: Application of AMSTAR Criteria to Plastic Surgery Literature



186 A Comparative Readability Analysis of Online Patient Information Regarding Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy

186 A New Regenerative Therapy of Elastic Cartilage Grafting For Craniofacial Deformities

187 A Novel Technique for Duct-Preserving Nipple Eversion

187 Rare Case: Aneurysmal Bone Cyst in the Metacarpal of a Child

188 Abdominal Dermis Tensile Strength in Aesthetic and Massive Weight-Loss Patients and Its Role in Ventral Hernia Repair: A Cross-Sectional Study

189 Adipose-Derived Aldehyde-Dehydrogenase-Expressing Cells Accelerate Re-vascularization of Collagen-Glycosaminoglycan Scaffolds

190 Age, Socioeconomic Status, Race, and Congenital Nevus Excision

190 An Assessment of Youtube as a Source of Information on Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy

191 An in-Depth Look at Fat Necrosis

191 Anatomical Variation of Zygomatic Nerve Branches Around Zygomaticus Major Muscle in Facelift

192 Assessing the Value of Autologous Fat Grafting: A Focused Review of the Safety, Effectiveness, and the Efficiency Among Reconstructive and Cosmetic Applications

193 Assessment of Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) in Reverse and Forward Autografts

193 Bilateral Breast Implant Rupture Following Elective Electrical Cardioversion: A Case Report and Review

195 Botulinum Toxin A Injections for Treatment of the Facial Muscle Contractures Due to Guillain-Barré Syndrome: A Case Report

195 Breast Asymmetry in Women Requesting Plastic Surgery of the Breast

196 Case Report Pectus Scavatum: A Surgical Treatment

196 Central Defect-Control Pharyngeal Flap Surgery Based on Nasoendoscopic Assessment and Speech Outcomes Following Surgery

197 Challenges in Abdominoplasty, Management of Difficult Cases: Review and Surgical Classification

197 Clinical Outcome of Porcine Intestinal Sub-Mucosa Usage, a Case Series

198 Complications, Length of Stay, and Economic Burden Among Children Undergoing Pectus Excavatum Repair

199 Controlled Heat Stress Promotes Myofibrillogenesis During Myogenesis

199 Correcting The Overcorrected Gynaecomastia - A Novel Technique Using Stacked Acellular Dermal Matrix

200 Correction of the Lower Lip with a Cartilage Graft and Lip Resection in Patients with Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy

201 Correction the Appearance of Patients with Genu Varum Applying Minimal Invasive Method: Fat Graft

201 Coverage of Exposed Lower Extremity Bypass Vascular Graft with Integra and NPWT for Limb Salvage

202 Delayed Human Bite Presenting as Extensive Skin Necrosis Requiring a Posterior Interosseous Artery (Pia) Flap – A Case Report

202 Disproportionate Availability between Emergency and Elective Coverage: a National Trend?

203 Effect of Absorbable Skin Stapler in Autologous Breast Reconstruction Patients: Approach Through Economic and Cosmesis

203 Effect of Oasis-Ultra Matrix on the Healing Rate of Stage IV Pressure Wounds

204 Evaluation of Diastasis of the Recti Muscles Correction using Two Different Techniques: A Comparative Study

205 Filling Prominent Nasolabial Fold Appliying Platelet Rich Plasma(PRP) Gel

205 Fingertip Reconstruction with Adipofascial Island Flap

206 Free-Muscle-Flap Coverage of Exposed Knee Joints Following Fulminant Meningococcemia: Twenty Year Follow up of Limb Salvage

207 Freestyle Propeller Flap Closure of Traumatic Injury Defect

207 Functional and Aesthetic Outcomes of Spreader Graft in Rhinoplasty

208 Functional Latissimus Transfer for Upper Extremity Reconstruction: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

208 Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Complicating Nasal Forehead Flap Reconstruction

209 Immediate Reconstruction, Infection, and Hematoma Associated with Increased Odds of Refusing Breast Reconstruction Procedures

209 Implant Reconstruction Does Not Require Any More Procedures than Autologous Reconstruction for Completion

210 Improvement of Skin Quality in Scars Injected with Fat Graft; A Comparative Study.

211 Is There a Correlation Between Milimetric Movement of Two Jaw and Nazolabial Angle Change after Orthognathic Surgery in CLASS III Patients

211 Leadership Positions in Academic Plastic Surgery: Are You a Candidate?

212 Learning Through Creation: A Lesson in Anatomy Through Sculpture

213 Lengthening and Increasing the Viability of Fat Graft with Adipose Deriveted Stem Cell (ADSC) and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) at Breast Rippling Deformitiy after Augmentation with Silicone Implant

213 Managing Degloving Injuries of the Upper Extremity: Buried Treasure

214 Meshed Acellular Dermal Matrix with Overlying Split Thickness Skin Graft for Scalp Reconstruction

215 Modification of the Radial Forearm Fasciocutaneous Flap in Partial Pharyngolaryngeal Reconstruction to Minimize Fistula Formation

215 Mohs Resection of Alar Rim Basal Cell Carcinomas: Medial-Caudal Positive Margins Are More Common

216 Multiple Peripheral Osteomas Related with Frontal Exposure by Bicoronal Incision

216 Nail Bed Defect Reconstruction Using Thenar Fascia Flap and Nail Bed Graft

217 Nonexcisional, Minimally Invasive Rejuvenation of the Neck Using Radiofrequency Tissue Tightening

217 Optimized Surgical Approach for Applying Mechanical Force to Murine Models to Simulate Human Hypertrophic Scar Formation

218 Our Concept for Reconstruction of a Full-Thickness and Total-Width Defect of the Upper or Lower Eyelid

219 Outer Fascia of Orbicularis Oculi Muscle as an Anchoring Target Tissue in Double Eyelid Surgery

219 Parental Leave Policy in Plastic Surgery Residency Programs

219 Porcine Derived Urinary Bladder Matrix Conduits As a Novel Scaffold for Peripheral Nerve Regeneration

220 Pre-Operative Polysomnography Before Cleft Palate Repair – Is it Indicated in Severe Robin Sequence?

220 Predicting Wound Complications Following Plastic Surgeon Closure of Spine Surgeries

221 Predictors of Angiographic Hemostasis in Life-Threatening Oronasal Hemorrhage Following Facial Trauma

222 Preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiography for Complicated Head and Neck Reconstructions

222 Pursuing Mirror Image Reconstruction in Unilateral Microtia: Customizing Auricular Framework by Application of Three-Dimensional Imaging and Three-Dimensional Printing

223 Pyoderma Gangrenosum of the Hand: a Case Series and Literature Review of Clinical Presentation and Management

224 Radiation and Chemotherapy Not Associated with Infection following Breast Reconstruction: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study

224 Readability of Online Materials for Dupuytren’s Contracture

225 Readability of Online Materials for Rhinoplasty

226 Reverse Abdominoplasty, a Viable Option for Breast Reconstruction

226 Role of Antibiotic Irrigation in Preventing Capsular Contracture and Other Complication After Breast Augmentation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

227 Same-Day Discharge for Women Undergoing Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction Using an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Model Is Safe

228 Seroconversion Rates Among Healthcare Workers Exposed to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis C-Contaminated Body Fluids: The University of Pittsburgh Experience

228 Successful Treatment of a Complex Vascular Malformation with Sirolimus and Surgical Resection

229 The Canadian Contribution to the Global Plastic Surgery Literature: A 10-Year Bibliometric Analysis

230 The Classification and Prognosis of Periocular Complications Following Cosmetic Filler Injection

230 The Effectiveness of Early Combined Fractional CO2 and Pulsed Dye LASER Treatment after Scar Revision

231 The Effects of Botulinum Toxin A on Fibrotic Activity and Cell Cycle Modulation in Keloid Fibroblast

232 The Usage Of Adipofascial Anterolateral Thigh Flap For The Reconstruction Of Soft Tissue Defects At Extremities

232 The Use of the Laser Level to Ensure Symmetry in Aesthetic Breast Surgery

233 The Use of Wave Shaped Bone Supported Arch Bars in the Treatment of Mandibular Fractures

234 Therapeutic Strategy of Mandibular Condylar Factures – Usefulness of the Combination of Open Reduction and Dynamic Distraction Treatment

234 Venous Thromboprophylaxis And Monitoring The Changes In Venous Pressure In Transferred Tissues After Free Flap Reconstruction By Placing A Catheter In The Vein

235 What Is the Most Important Factor of Breast Ptosis? Considerations for Breast Reconstruction Studied with Mastectomy Patients

235 When Needs Must - Reconstruction Following Salvage Mastectomy Using a Contralateral IMAP Propeller Flap

236 Why the P-Value Alone is Not Enough: The Impact of Reporting Confidence Intervals in the Plastic Surgery Literature

236 ‘Elderly’ Patient Is Not Equal to ‘Geriatric’ Patient - the People 90 Years or Older Who Visit Our Department of Plastic Surgery

238 Disclosures

242 Erratum

Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of The American Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.