ArticlesThe Rise, Fall, and Resurgence of Electroconvulsive TherapyBahji, Anees MD Author Information BAHJI: Department of Psychiatry and Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada A.B. has been awarded doctoral studies research funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Fellowship and research funding through the Calgary Health Trust. A.B. receives a small honorarium for teaching undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees in the Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary. In addition, A.B. is an unpaid member of the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) editorial committee, the International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE), the Canadian Society of Addiction Medicine (CSAM) policy committee, and the Addiction Psychiatry section of the Canadian Psychiatric Association (CPA). A.B. is also an unpaid associate editor of the Canadian Journal of Addiction (CJA) and a mental health educator for TED-Ed, where he receives a small honorarium for supporting online educational content. Please send correspondence to: Anees Bahji, MD, CISAM, CCSAM, DABPN, FRCPC, Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4 (e-mail: [email protected]). Journal of Psychiatric Practice: November 2022 - Volume 28 - Issue 6 - p 440-444 doi: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000666 Buy Metrics Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatments for depression. However, significant stigma from the media and the antipsychiatry movement has biased the public toward ECT, leading to underutilization, particularly among those most in need. This report reviews some of the key historical events in the rise, fall, and resurgence of ECT and how modern ECT knowledge and practice are more refined, including an improved understanding of its mechanisms of action and optimal treatment parameters. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.