ARTICLESGene-Environment Interaction and Suicidal BehaviorRoy, Alec MD*; Sarchiopone, Marco MD†; Carli, Vladimir MD†Author Information *New Jersey VA Healthcare System †University of Molise, Italy The authors report no conflict of interest. Please send correspondence and reprint requests to: Alec Roy, MD, Psychiatry Service (116A), VA New Jersey Health Care System, 385 Tremont Avenue, East Orange, NJ 07018-1095 [email protected] Journal of Psychiatric Practice: July 2009 - Volume 15 - Issue 4 - p 282-288 doi: 10.1097/01.pra.0000358314.88931.b5 Buy Metrics Abstract Studies have increasingly shown that gene-environment interactions are important in psychiatry. Suicidal behavior is a major public health problem. Suicide is generally considered to be a multi-determined act involving various areas of proximal and distal risk. Genetic risk factors are estimated to account for approximately 30% to 40% of the variance in suicidal behavior. In this article, the authors review relevant studies concerning the interaction between the serotonin transporter gene and environmental variables as a model of gene-environment interactions that may have an impact on suicidal behavior. The findings reviewed here suggest that there may be meaningful interactions between distal and proximal suicide risk factors that may amplify the risk of suicidal behavior. Future studies of suicidal behavior should examine both genetic and environmental variables and examine for gene-environment interactions. Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.