Nonoperative management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using braces : Prosthetics and Orthotics International

Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Systematic Review

Nonoperative management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using braces

Grivas, Theodoros B.1; Negrini, Stefano2; Aubin, Carl-Eric3; Aulisa, Angelo Gabriele4; De Mauroy, Jean Claude5; Donzelli, Sabrina6; Hresko, M. Timothy7; Kotwicki, Tomasz8; Lou, Edmond9; Maruyama, Toru10; Parent, Eric C.11; Rigo, Manuel12; Thometz, John G.13,14; Wong, Man Sang15; Zaina, Fabio16

Author Information
Prosthetics and Orthotics International 46(4):p 383-391, August 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/PXR.0000000000000117


This review presents the state of the art according to the current evidence on nonoperative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, focusing on bracing. The definition of braces for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and a short history are provided. The analysis includes biomechanics, types, existing classifications, indications for treatment, time of brace wear and weaning, adherence, three-dimensional modeling, use of ultrasound imaging for bracing, management of treatment, issue of immediate in-brace correction, and documentation of the outcomes usually assessed for brace treatment, including the quality-of-life issues. According to the current evidence, there are two randomized control trials in favor of bracing. There are insufficient data on the superiority of one brace over another, although it is possible to classify and grade braces for efficacy from nonrigid to rigid and very rigid. Nevertheless, there is consensus on patients' management on the need for teamwork focusing on adherence to treatment, acceptability, and family and patient involvement.


In the August 2022 issue of Prosthetics and Orthotics International in the article by Grivas et al, “Nonoperative management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using braces,” the affiliation listed for the second author Stefano Negrini is incorrect.

The correct and complete affiliation should be:

1Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University “La Statale”, Milan, Italy

2IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy

Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 47(1):111, February 2023.

Copyright © 2022 International Society for Prosthetics Orthotics

You can read the full text of this article if you:

Access through Ovid