Background: An important way of improving healthcare services is through the implementation of evidence-based practice; but this requires an understanding of the extent to which it is occurring and the factors that are driving its implementation.
Objective: To examine the associations among the demographics of clinicians, the factors involved in the implementation of evidence-based practice, and the access of clinicians to various sources of information.
Study Design: Cross-sectional survey.
Methods: An online survey that was distributed to 300 Canadian prosthetic and orthotic clinicians. Associations of selected survey items were determined.
Results: Four primary associations were found and a further 18 were considered to be indicative of potential trends. Two of the primary associations were related to authorship and the utilization of scientific literature. Specifically, those clinicians who had previously authored or co-authored a peer-reviewed journal article were more likely to utilize scientific literature to guide their clinical practice.
Conclusions: This study has highlighted important demographics which can be targeted for greater implementation of evidence-based practice. Above all, facilitating engagement of clinicians in research and its dissemination may promote a higher consumption of research evidence leading to improved evidence-based practice.
This study provides information about the underlying facilitators and inhibitors of evidence-based practice in prosthetics and orthotics. The findings aim to inform those involved in improving existing clinical practices, including educators, professional organizations and governing bodies.