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What's New in Point-of-Care Testing?

Ransohoff, Jaime R. BA*,†; Melanson, Stacy E. F. MD, PhD*,‡

doi: 10.1097/POC.0000000000000193
Review Article

Point-of-care testing (POCT) has the potential to improve turnaround time, increase efficiency, decentralize diagnostics in rural and underserved communities, and advance health care in areas such as space and high-altitude wilderness. In many cases, POCT is accurate and simple to perform and produces results within minutes. However, its implementation can pose logistical and educational challenges, especially if testing does not easily integrate with the end users' workflow. Literature published on POCT between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2018, was reviewed, and articles were selected for a more in-depth discussion. Relevant literature was grouped into the following categories: transfusion medicine, coagulation, glucose and diabetes, infectious disease and human immunodeficiency virus, emergency medicine, technological advances, and other.

From the Departments of *Pathology

Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Reprints: Stacy E. F. Melanson, MD, PhD, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115. E-mail:

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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