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A Review of the Use of Rapid HIV Testing in Community Settings, With Specific Reference to Australia

Motta, Lara A. BMedSc(Hons)*; Shephard, Mark DS. PhD*; Keen, Phillip BA

Point of Care: The Journal of Near-Patient Testing & Technology: March 2013 - Volume 12 - Issue 1 - p 27–32
doi: 10.1097/POC.0b013e318265f7b3
Review Articles

Rapid HIV tests are used routinely as screening tests at the point of care in community settings in many developed and developing overseas countries, with reported clinical and operational benefits. In Australia, the uptake of rapid HIV testing has been limited to its use as a reference test in laboratories, but the 2011 National HIV Testing Policy now provides a quality-ensured framework for its use in community settings. Rapid HIV testing in Australia should be targeted where HIV prevalence rates are highest such as in men who have sex with men in urban settings, rather than rural, remote, or indigenous settings where HIV prevalence rates are lower. Barriers to uptake of rapid testing include current lack of testing rebates and high costs for registration of kits.

From the *Flinders University International Centre for Point-of-Care Testing, Flinders University International Centre for Point-of-Care Testing, Bedford Park, South Australia; and †National Association for People Living With HIV/AIDS, Newtown, New South Wales, Australia.

Reprints: Lara A. Motta, BMedSc(Hons), Flinders University International Centre for Point-of-Care Testing, Flinders University International Centre for Point-of-Care Testing, Room W312, Level 3 West Wing, Sturt Campus, Sturt Rd, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042. E-mail: Lara.Motta@flinders.edu.au.

The Flinders University International Centre for Point-of-Care Testing receives research support from Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.