Original ArticlesPoint-of-Care Diagnostic Tools in Canadian Urban Mobile Health Clinic Contexts: User Perspectives for Appropriate Technology DesignNavid, Erin L. MEDes; Orton, Noelle C. MSc; Einsiedel, Edna F. PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Communication and Culture, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Reprints: Erin L. Navid, MEDes, Department of Communication and Culture, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1 N4. E-mail: [email protected]. This study was funded by a research grant on "Improving Health Care Access and Sustainability with Microfluidic Platforms" from the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research. (Dr. L. Pilarski, PI) No conflicts of interest exist for any of the authors. Point of Care: The Journal of Near-Patient Testing & Technology: March 2011 - Volume 10 - Issue 1 - p 40-44 doi: 10.1097/POC.0b013e31820f8613 Buy Metrics Abstract Point-of-care molecular diagnostic testing devices offer a new way of conducting diagnostic tests for vulnerable or hard-to-reach populations. These devices offer portability and immediacy of results, require minimal resources and training, and provide sensitivity and accuracy with the use of small fluid samples. This study explored the feasibility of using such devices in health service delivery via mobile health clinics serving immigrant groups and vulnerable groups such as the homeless and sex trade workers in 3 urban centers in Canada. In-depth interviews were conducted with 9 mobile clinic directors and supervisors from 6 clinics. Results demonstrated that these clinics deal with and test for a variety of health conditions including HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and reproductive health issues. Health personnel interviewed had positive responses to such testing devices. Key advantages identified included the ability to counsel clients immediately and administer appropriate and timely treatments, the potential to test for several infections at once, and economic benefits to both the clinics and health care system due to fewer visits and reduced cost of laboratory services. Recommendations on how these testing devices can be improved were also noted. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.