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Leslie Gabriel Farkas, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., 1915 to 2008

Forrest, Christopher M.D., M.Sc.

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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: June 2009 - Volume 123 - Issue 6 - p 1899-1900
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181a3f401
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In an ever-changing world, Leslie Farkas was a constant. Into his early 90s, he was a constant presence within the Division of Plastic Surgery at The Hospital for Sick Children, sitting in his office, bubbling with an enthusiasm and energy normally reserved for children at Christmas. He was a constant source of stimulation and interest for the house staff and trainees who rotated through this institution. Leslie constantly championed the field of accurate and consistent facial assessment through the field of craniofacial anthropometry. Finally, his name was constantly cited at almost any meeting involving plastic surgery that you would care to mention.

Leslie Gabriel Farkas was born on April 18, 1915, in Rózsahegy, Hungary (present-day Slovakia). After graduation from medical school at Comenius University in Pozsony (now Bratislava) in 1941, he was drafted into the Slovak army, where he served on both fronts as a military doctor. His career in plastic surgery started in Prague at Charles University under the mentorship of Dr. F. Burian, and he received his Certificate of Plastic Surgery in 1956. This was followed by a Ph.D. in 1959 and a D.Sc. on surgical techniques for hypospadias repair in 1968.

His interest in craniofacial morphology began during his period in Prague. Early in his surgical career, he became dissatisfied with the determination of the morphological changes in the head and face using visual assessment alone. Thus, he began to explore the use of classic anthropometric methods for the quantitative analysis of faces preoperatively and postoperatively. He collaborated with anthropologist Professor Karel Hajnis to develop an empirical system of facial measurements to analyze the faces of patients with congenital anomalies or facial deformities caused by trauma.

In 1968, after receiving an invitation from Dr. William K. Lindsay, chief of plastic surgery in Toronto, Canada, requesting that he develop the area of craniofacial anthropometry as a new focus for research, Dr. Farkas moved to Canada and began his 40-year career at The Hospital for Sick Children. The emerging field of craniomaxillofacial surgery developing under the influence of Dr. Paul Tessier resulted in the recruitment of Dr. Ian R. Munro, who shared Leslie's passion for objective facial assessment techniques, and led to the publication of Anthropometric Facial Proportions in Medicine (coauthored by Ian R. Munro), which is now in its second edition as Anthropometry of the Head and Face.

Employed at The Hospital for Sick Children, in Toronto, he continued exploring his interest in craniofacial anthropometry. Because normative data did not exist, he spent much of his career measuring faces and compiling a huge database of norms. He soon realized, however, that just taking linear measurements was not enough. The relations of measurements (i.e., proportions) are of paramount importance in the evaluation of the facial framework. Dr. Farkas was very much aware of the fact that the North American white normative data he compiled could not be applied to different racial and ethnic groups. He took great effort to collect as diverse data as possible to differentiate the norms of different ethnic groups while encouraging scientists from around the world to collect their own population's normative measurements and collaborated with people from all parts of the world. His concepts became known to all interested in anything to do with the face, and the “Farkas norms” became a household term.

Leslie continued to work almost to the day of his passing. His office was next door to mine, and I remember how he would routinely seek me out to tell me what he was working on and how critical it was that reconstructive surgeons appreciate the classic canons of facial anthropometry. His distinctive accent proclaiming “How can anyone reconstruct the face if they do not know what the normal values and proportions are?” would echo in my ear as my secretary would remind me that I had a less stimulating but necessary meeting to attend. I envied his passion and dedication. My head still turns automatically to look and see if his door is ajar as I walk by.

The assistance of his wife, Susan, in maintaining his productivity cannot be overlooked, and in his later years, she was integral to making sure that his correspondence and manuscripts were dealt with.

Leslie's fascination with the human face and craniofacial anthropometry has transcended the arena of plastic surgery and has influenced forensic science, lost children identification programs, three-dimensional visualization technology, and computer software in the popular movie industry and in orthodontic planning.

Leslie married his wife, Susan, in 1971. They have one daughter, Julia. His only granddaughter, Enikő, was born in 2008. His body of work included 244 scientific works, including four textbooks. However, in compiling his lifelong fascination with the face, Leslie Farkas has accomplished an enviable achievement—he has left a legacy that will provide a constant source of reference for future generations of those interested in achieving the best possible results in plastic surgery. This is not something to be taken lightly.

Leslie Gabriel Farkas, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., 1915 to 2008.

PRS Mission Statement

The goal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® is to inform readers about significant developments in all areas related to reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. Significant papers on any aspect of plastic surgery—original clinical or laboratory research, operative procedures, comprehensive reviews, cosmetic surgery—as well as selected ideas and innovations, letters, case reports, and announcements of educational courses, meetings, and symposia are invited for publication.

©2009American Society of Plastic Surgeons