After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the trends in reconstruction using flaps. 2. Understand the surgical anatomy and elevation of the three best flaps: superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator, profunda artery perforator, and thin anterolateral thigh perforator. 3. Understand the core principle and the modern evolution of microsurgery. 4. Be acquainted with new microsurgical tips to maximize outcomes.
Plastic surgery has a long history of innovation expanding the conditions we can treat, and microsurgical reconstruction has played a pivotal role. Freestyle free flaps now create another paradigm shift in reconstructive surgery, relying on a better understanding of anatomy and physiology, opening the door to patient-specific customized reconstruction. This article aims to provide information regarding useful and practical new advances in the field of microsurgery.