Choosing the Superomedial Pedicle for Reduction Mammaplasty in Gigantomastia : Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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Choosing the Superomedial Pedicle for Reduction Mammaplasty in Gigantomastia

Landau, Alex G. M.B., Ch.B.; Hudson, Don A. F.R.C.S., F.C.S.(S.A.), M.Med.

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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 121(3):p 735-739, March 2008. | DOI: 10.1097/01.prs.0000299297.20908.66



The optimal reduction technique for the treatment of macromastia greater than 1 kg remains controversial. Conventionally, breast amputation and free nipple grafting has been used, but this leaves a flat and insensate nipple. Anatomical studies have suggested the superomedial technique to be a safe choice in these patients.


A retrospective study analyzing the outcome of reduction mammaplasty for macromastia greater than 1 kg using the superomedial pedicle technique was performed. Data were collected over a 10-year period from 1995 to 2005. All reduction mammaplasty patients with resection weights greater than 1 kg per breast were included in the study.


Sixty-one patients were included (122 breasts). The mean age was 29 years. The mean suprasternal notch to nipple distance was 35 cm on the left and 35 cm on the right, and the mean nipple to inframammary crease distance was 19 cm on the left and 20 cm on the right. The Wise keyhole reduction pattern technique was used for all patients. Mean follow-up was 12 months. The mean resection weight per breast was 1360 g for the left breast and 1398 g for the right breast. Fifteen different surgeons performed the operations over this period. All patients had viable nipples postoperatively; there was partial areola necrosis in eight breasts (6.5 percent), with only minor other complications, including T-junction breakdown in 22 breasts (18 percent) and dog-ear excisions.


This study has confirmed the superomedial pedicle technique to be safe and reliable for resections greater than 1 kg.

©2008American Society of Plastic Surgeons

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