Menick published the first CME with videos in 2010 with a classic article on nasal reconstruction with forehead flaps.2 Since then, almost every CME article enriches its content with videos of masters performing surgery in real time (Table 3). To locate these videos, search for “Yes” in the “CME” column of the Video Index.
Use of videos has flourished with the onset of the training and evolution of millennials into plastic surgery over the past 10 years. Young plastic surgeons using new devices such as the iPad have lifted video publication and viewing dramatically.
THE IMPORTANCE OF VIDEO IN PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY
Bringing video into Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open generated the birth of the video article. These short articles dedicated to mostly video learning have been a major step in surgical education. Much like the entire Video Index, the Video Plus articles are diverse in the content they cover. Instructional videos covering broad topics ranging from otoplasty3 to others specifying the fine details of dissecting the internal mammary vasculature4 are available to the plastic surgery learner.
The Journal has always been at the forefront of cosmetic and reconstructive surgery, and especially in video publication. In 2010, Wolters Kluwer enabled Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery to become the first journal to empower viewers to watch surgical videos on the iPad. This advance drastically changed how plastic surgery techniques are learned by allowing readers to learn from video even when not connected to the Internet. Surgeons can take advantage of long plane trips or weekends in the country to further their continuing surgical education with video they can download onto their device and watch in real time.
Narration enhances the value of videos tremendously by permitting the reader to hear the surgeon’s thought process. Many of the videos are produced in non–English-speaking countries from which authors are challenged to write and speak in their nonnative tongue. In spite of this hurdle, most of the videos are narrated in English, with a few exceptions. As of 2017, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery requires that all video content longer than 30 seconds be narrated in English or have English subtitles to clarify what the surgeon is observing and thinking.
The Video Index (see Document, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/PRS/C383) is rich with content. The Stuzin/Baker Gordon Symposium on Cosmetic Surgery is an example that provides classic lectures and live surgery videos by most of the great aesthetic surgery masters. Nine of the 10 most watched videos on Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery originate from the Baker Gordon Symposium on Cosmetic Surgery (Table 4). Any good student of cosmetic surgery can improve by investing time to watch the cosmetic experts operate or speak there. A recent example is by Dr. Simon Wall demonstrating his S.A.F.E. circumferential lipoabdominoplasty.5
Many videos cover subjects outside of pure surgical technique. There are classic videos such as how to inject local anesthesia so it does not hurt,6 which can be helpful to all doctors. Many address preoperative markings such as those by Dr. Elizabeth Hall-Findlay,7 or the basics of mapping propeller flaps by Dr. Michel Saint-Cyr.8 Postoperative video results of facial palsy operations are much more revealing than still images.9
Videos are ideal for resident education, as they do not require a long time commitment. Most are less than 5 minutes in duration. In addition, watching and listening requires less concentration than reading. Video enables the fatigued resident to passively absorb valuable education from master surgeons at the end of a long day of work.
Surgical video integration into articles and articles will continue to evolve and improve in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. The goal is to provide the reader/viewer with the future of plastic surgery learning in whatever venue he or she desires. We all learn better and faster if we read it, see it “live,” and then do it in the comfort of our own environment. Cutting the leading edge of educational innovation is the key to the future of plastic surgery innovation, safety, and competence.
HOW TO SEARCH FOR ANY VIDEO EVER PUBLISHED IN THE TWO JOURNALS
Finding any video ever published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open is simple: use the search function to look up authors, key words, title, and section titles from our first 14 years of video publication (see Document, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/PRS/C383). For example, to find a video on eyelid reconstruction by Mark Codner,10 simply enter “Codner” into the search bar in Excel (Fig. 1). Click the “forward” arrow until you find a video that satisfies your search (Fig. 2). Terms can be searched for by key words (e.g., “breast reconstruction,” “free flap,” “face lift,” “rhinoplasty,” “flexor tendon,” “cleft lip”) and by section title (e.g., “Cosmetic,” “Breast,” “Experimental”). To maximize search results, searches can be performed both by the technical name and by the “lay” name (e.g., “blepharoplasty” and “eye lift”). For a specific flap, searches can be performed for both the abbreviated name and the full name (e.g., “ALT flap” and “anterolateral thigh flap”). The videos are presented in reverse chronologic order starting from the most recent. Most videos in the database play automatically online. However, some will download onto your computer before they can be played. Many of the early videos are a.wmv file. VLC media player is an example of a program that does support.wmv and other video formats that may appear for early videos. It can be downloaded from the Internet onto your computer.11
We hope that the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open Video Index will empower and facilitate plastic surgeons and trainees to further their plastic surgery knowledge and technical skills. The Video Index will be updated regularly to include all videos published in the future. Readers of the two journals will be able to find the Video Index on the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Web site under the “Digital Media” titled “Video Archive Navigator.”
1. Yaremchuk MJImproving aesthetic outcomes after alloplastic chin augmentation. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003;112:14221432; discussion 14331434.
2. Menick FJNasal reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010;125:138e150e.
3. Thorne CHOtoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;122:291292.
4. Antony AK, Kamdar M, Da Lio A, Mehrara BJTechnique of internal mammary dissection using pectoralis major flap to prevent contour deformities. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:16741675.
5. Baker Gordon Symposium on Cosmetic Surgery. S.A.F.E. circumferential liposuction with abdominoplasty: Part 1. An interactive video by Simeon H. Wall, Jr. MD from the 50th Annual Baker Gordon Symposium on Cosmetic Surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;139.
6. Strazar AR, Leynes PG, Lalonde DHMinimizing the pain of local anesthesia injection. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;132:675684.
7. Nahabedian MYBreast deformities and mastopexy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;127:91e102e.
8. Mohan AT, Sur YJ, Zhu L, et al.The concepts of propeller, perforator, keystone, and other local flaps and their role in the evolution of reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016;138:710e729e.
9. Garcia RM, Hadlock TA, Klebuc MJ, Simpson RL, Zenn MR, Marcus JRContemporary solutions for the treatment of facial nerve paralysis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015;135:1025e1046e.
10. Alghoul M, Pacella SJ, McClellan WT, Codner MAEyelid reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;132:288e302e.
Supplemental Digital Content
Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons