Surgical outcome is determined by patient satisfaction with the result, resolution of symptoms, recurrence of disease, and need for revision or additional surgery. The anatomy of the nose and nasal cavities of the sheep was established in detail to constitute a guide for researchers as a convenient experimental model for operations. It can provide repeated training for rhinoseptoplasty, turbinates, and sinus procedures with all stages similar to those performed on humans at very low cost and with the possibility of surgical simulation even at home. This model has the potential to improve outcomes for clinical experience on human patients, providing greater opportunities for training in a procedure that requires knowledge, precision, and artistry.5
Prof. Dr. Gal Moreira Dini
Prof. Dr. Hamilton Aleardo Gonella
Leandro Fregadolli, M.D.
Bruno Nunes, M.D.
Ricardo Gozzano, M.D.
Division of Plastic Surgery, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo–PUC/Sorocaba/Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil
The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.
1. Gunter JP, Rohrich RJ, Adams WP Jr. Dallas Rhinoplasty: Nasal Surgery by the Masters. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Quality Medical; 2007.
2. Gunter JP, Yu YL. The tripod concept for correcting nasal-tip cartilages. Aesthet Surg J. 2004;24:257–260.
3. Rohrich RJ, Muzaffar AR, Janis JE. Component dorsal hump reduction: The importance of maintaining dorsal aesthetic lines in rhinoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;114:1298–1308; discussion 1309–1312.
4. Dini GM, Albuquerque LG, Ferreira LM. The future of rhinoplasty and the Dallas rhinoplasty symposium. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:64e–65e.
5. Dini GM, Ferreira LM. Rhinoplasty and PubMed. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;118:289.
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