Tokyo and Okayama, Japan
From the Departments of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, and Kawasaki Medical School.
Received for publication February 3, 2005; accepted Januaary 10, 2006.
The first two authors contributed equally to this work.
Presented in part at the Third International Course on Perforator Flap, in Munich, Germany, November 12, 1999, and at the American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery Symposium, “Perforator Flaps,” in San Diego, California, January of 2001.
Isao Koshima, M.D.; Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Graduate School of Medicine; University of Tokyo; 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku; Tokyo 113-8655, Japan; firstname.lastname@example.org