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National Plastic Surgery Survey: Brow Lifting Techniques and Complications

Elkwood, Andrew M.D., M.B.A.; Matarasso, Alan M.D.; Rankin, Marlene R.N., Ph.D.; Elkowitz, Marc M.D.; Godek, Christopher P. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: December 2001 - Volume 108 - Issue 7 - p 2143–2150
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The purpose of this survey was to assess trends in brow lifting philosophy, techniques, and complications. This is the second of a three-part survey; the first part reported on complications with face lift techniques, and the final report will address practice management issues, including facility and ancillary procedures. Surveys were sent to 3800 members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons; the response rate was 15 percent. This survey represents data on 6951 brow lifts, of which approximately 50 percent were performed endoscopically and 50 percent with a coronal incision. Several conclusions about the practice of the respondents were reached: (1) Both brow lift techniques were considered to be effective. (2) Surgeons considered coronal brow lifting to be more effective for the three basic goals of brow lifting: brow elevation, reduction of transverse lines, and reduction of glabellar lines. (3) Reported complication rates for both techniques were low, and the most frequent complication was alopecia (varying from 2.9 percent to 4 percent). (4) Patient satisfaction varied from 98.2 percent to 99.2 percent. (5) Major complications were rarely reported. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 108: 2143, 2001.)

Shrewsbury and New Brunswick, N.J., and New York and Great Neck, N.Y.

From The Plastic Surgery Center, Shrewsbury. Received for publication January 25, 2001; revised May 16, 2001.

Presented at the 68th Scientific Meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons/Plastic Surgery Educational Foundation and the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons Meeting, in New Orleans, Louisiana, October 23 through 27, 1999.

Dr. Andrew Elkwood The Plastic Surgery Center 535 Sycamore Avenue P.O. Box 7270 Shrewsbury, N.J. 07702AElkwood®aol.com

©2001American Society of Plastic Surgeons