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Deconstructing a Leader

An in Depth Analysis of the Commonalities Between Plastic Surgery Chiefs and Chairmen

Wenzinger, Eric BS1; Weinstein, Brielle MD1; Singh, Robinder MD1; Reid, Chris MD3; Suliman, Ahmed MD3; Herrera, Fernando MD1,2

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: April 15, 2019 - Volume PRS Online First - Issue - p
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005783
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Purpose: We sought to identify factors associated with current chiefs and chairpersons in academic plastic surgery to encourage and shape future leaders of tomorrow.

Methods: Academic chairpersons in plastic surgery (n = 94) were identified through an Internet-based search of all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited residency training programs during the year of 2015. Gender, ethnicity, academic rank, board certification, time since certification, medical school attended, residency program attended, fellowships training, advanced degrees, obtaining leadership roles at trainee's institution, and h- index were analyzed.

Results: Of the 94 chiefs and chairpersons, ninety-five percent were male and 81% obtained full professor status, and 98% were certified by the ABPS. Mean time since certification was 22 years (range 7-45 years). 51% graduated from 20 medical schools, while forty-two percent graduated from only 9 plastic surgery training programs. 56% percent had pursued fellowship beyond their primary plastic surgery training. 18% had obtained advanced degrees. 29% of chiefs and chairpersons obtained leadership roles at the institution where they had completed plastic surgery training. The mean h index was 17.6 (range 1- 63). Graduates of the 9 most represented residency programs had a mean h index of 21 vs. 15 when compared with the remaining chief/chairpersons. (p<0.0062)

Conclusions: Leaders in plastic surgery are more likely to be male, hold academic rank of professor, and have completed a fellowship after residency.

1. Division of Plastic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, 29425

2. Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC 29425

3. Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 92103

None of the authors have a financial interest in any of the products, devices, or drugs mentioned in this manuscript

Presented at: Plastic Surgery the Meeting (ASPS) 2016 in Los Angeles, Ca (PosterPresentation)

Corresponding Author: Fernando A. Herrera , MD, herreraf@musc.edu, Associate Professor of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Cell: 323 202 3013

©2019American Society of Plastic Surgeons