The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of autologous fat grafting after radiotherapy.
All studies published before December of 2019 were collected by searching on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data. After independently screening the studies and extracting the data, Stata was applied to perform meta-analysis.
Seventeen qualified articles were eventually included, involving a total of 1658 patients, of which 1555 underwent autologous fat grafting. Overall, empirically from the data, the use of autologous fat grafting after radiotherapy does not increase the incidence of complications or the risk of tumor recurrence. Through statistical analysis, the authors found that 152 patients suffered complications after undergoing autologous fat grafting [152 of 1555 (9.8 percent)]; 72 patients suffered complications after undergoing postradiotherapy autologous fat grafting [72 of 1040 (6.9 percent)], including seven cases of tumor recurrence [seven of 1040 (0.7 percent)]; and 80 patients suffered complications after undergoing autologous fat grafting without radiotherapy [80 of 515 (15.5 percent)], including seven cases of tumor recurrence [seven of 515 (1.4 percent)]. The authors also found that 970 of 1040 patients (93.3 percent) were satisfied with the results of postradiotherapy autologous fat grafting for breast reconstruction.
This study has provided an evidence-based conclusion supporting the use of autologous fat grafting for breast reconstruction after radiotherapy. Autologous fat grafting can effectively correct breast deformity and contracture caused by breast-conserving therapy and radiotherapy and increase patient satisfaction without increasing the rate of tumor recurrence.