The purpose of this study was to quantify change in cranioorbital morphology from presentation, after fronto-orbital advancement, and at 2-year follow-up.
Volumetric, linear, and angular analyses were performed on computed tomographic scans of consecutive bilateral coronal synostosis patients. Comparisons were made across three time points, between syndromic and nonsyndromic cases, and against normal controls. Significance was set at p < 0.05.
Twenty-five patients were included: 11 were nonsyndromic, eight had Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, and six had Muenke syndrome. Total cranial volume was comparable to normal, age-matched control subjects before and 2 years after surgery despite an expansion during surgery. Axial and sagittal vector analyses showed advancement and widening of the lower forehead beyond control values with surgery and comparable anterior position, but increased width compared to controls at 2 years. Frontal bossing decreased with a drop in anterior cranial height and advanced lower forehead position. Middle vault height was not normalized and turricephaly persisted at follow-up. Posterior fossa volume remained lower at all three time points compared to control subjects. Supraorbital retrusion relative to anterior corneal position was overcorrected by surgery, with values comparable to those of control subjects at 2 years because of differential growth. There was no difference at 2 years between syndromic and nonsyndromic groups.
Open fronto-orbital advancement successfully remodels the anterior forehead but requires overcorrection to be comparable to normal at 2 years. Although there are differences in syndromic cases at presentation, they do not result in significant morphometric differences on follow-up. Posterior fossa volume remains lower at all time points.
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