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Female Genital and Vaginal Plastic Surgery: An Overview

Placik, Otto J. M.D.; Devgan, Lara L. M.D., M.P.H.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: August 2019 - Volume 144 - Issue 2 - p 284e-297e
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005883
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Learning Objectives: After studying this article and viewing the video, the participant should be able to: 1. Accurately describe the relevant aesthetic anatomy and terminology for common female genital plastic surgery procedures. 2. Have knowledge of the different surgical options to address common aesthetic concerns and their risks, alternatives, and benefits. 3. List the potential risks, alternatives, and benefits of commonly performed female genital aesthetic interventions. 4. Be aware of the entity of female genital mutilation and differentiation from female genital cosmetic surgery.

Summary: This CME activity is intended to provide a brief 3500-word overview of female genital cosmetic surgery. The focus is primarily on elective vulvovaginal procedures, avoiding posttrauma reconstruction or gender-confirmation surgery. The goal is to present content with the best available and independent unbiased scientific research. Given this relatively new field, data with a high level of evidence are limited. Entities that may be commonly encountered in a plastic surgery practice are reviewed. The physician must be comfortable with the anatomy, terminology, diagnosis, and treatment options. Familiarity with requested interventions and aesthetic goals is encouraged.

Related Video Content is Available Online.

Chicago, Ill.; and New York, N.Y.

From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University; and Lenox Hill Hospital and Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital.

Received for publication November 9, 2018; accepted March 27, 2019.

Disclosure:Dr. Placik has no relevant financial disclosures. Dr. Devgan is a paid consultant for Allergan, Merz, Galderma, and RealSelf. No funding was received for this article.

Related Video content is available for this article. The videos can be found under the “Related Videos” section of the full-text article, or, for Ovid users, using the URL citations published in the article.

Otto J. Placik, M.D., 845 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 923E, Chicago, Ill. 60611,

Copyright © 2019 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons