Two mainstay surgical options for salvage in scapholunate advanced collapse and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse are proximal row carpectomy and four-corner arthrodesis. This study evaluates the cost-utility of proximal row carpectomy versus three methods of four-corner arthrodesis for the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse/scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrist.
A cost-utility analysis was performed in accordance with the Second Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. A comprehensive literature review was performed to obtain the probability of potential complications. Costs were derived using both societal and health care sector perspectives. A visual analogue scale survey of expert hand surgeons estimated utilities. Overall cost, probabilities, and quality-adjusted life-years were used to complete a decision tree analysis. Both deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed.
Forty studies yielding 1730 scapholunate advanced collapse/scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrists were identified. Decision tree analysis determined that both four-corner arthrodesis with screw fixation and proximal row carpectomy were cost-effective options, but four-corner arthrodesis with screw was the optimal treatment strategy. Four-corner arthrodesis with Kirschner-wire fixation and four-corner arthrodesis with plate fixation were dominated (inferior) strategies and therefore not cost-effective. One-way sensitivity analysis demonstrated that when the quality-adjusted life-years for a successful four-corner arthrodesis with screw fixation are lower than 26.36, proximal row carpectomy becomes the optimal strategy. However, multivariate probabilistic sensitivity analysis confirmed the results of our model.
Four-corner arthrodesis with screw fixation and proximal row carpectomy are both cost-effective treatment options for scapholunate advanced collapse/scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrist because of their lower complication profile and high efficacy, with four-corner arthrodesis with screw as the most cost-effective treatment. Four-corner arthrodesis with plate and Kirschner-wire fixation should be avoided from a cost-effectiveness standpoint.
Evidence-Based Outcomes Article.Coding Perspective for this Article is on Page 1443.
New York, N.Y.; Saint Petersburg, Fla.; and Philadelphia, Pa.
From the Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine; All Florida Orthopedics; and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System.
Received for publication January 28, 2018; accepted October 26, 2018.
Disclosure:The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this work.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the text; simply type the URL address into any Web browser to access this content. Clickable links to the material are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s website (www.PRSJournal.com).
Jacques H. Hacquebord, M.D., Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Avenue, Skirball 8U, New York, N.Y. 10016, firstname.lastname@example.org