Breast Implant Illness: A Way Forward : Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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Breast Implant Illness: A Way Forward

Magnusson, Mark R. MBBS, FRACS; Cooter, Rod D. MBBS, PhD, FRACS; Rakhorst, Hinne MD; McGuire, Patricia A. MD; Adams, William P. Jr MD; Deva, Anand K. BSc(Med), MBBS, MS, FRACS

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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 143(3S):p 74S-81S, March 2019. | DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005573



The link between breast implants and systemic disease has been reported since the 1960s. Although many studies have looked at either supporting or refuting its existence, the issue still persists and has now been labeled “breast implant illness.” The rise of patient advocacy and communication through social media has led to an increasing number of presentations to plastic surgeons. This article summarizes the history of breast implants and systemic disease, critically analyzes the literature (and any associated deficiencies), and suggests a way forward through systematic scientific study.

Copyright © 2019 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons

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