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Defining the Aesthetic Units of the Male Chest and How They Relate to Gynecomastia Based on 635 Patients

Caridi, Robert C., M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: October 2018 - Volume 142 - Issue 4 - p 904-907
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000004807
Cosmetic: Ideas and Innovations

Summary: Gynecomastia awareness and treatment have increased significantly. Treatment of gynecomastia is now one of the most popular procedures requested by men. There are many gynecomastia classification systems that have been described. The usefulness of these classifications in the diagnosis and treatment of modern gynecomastia is unknown and has fostered confusion among surgeons and patients. This article elucidates the topographic pattern consistently seen in gynecomastia patients and relates this to the diagnosis and treatment of gynecomastia. The proposed gynecomastia zone classification is a simple and objective method to clinically describe gynecomastia and direct appropriate treatment.

Austin, Texas

From private practice.

Received for publication June 6, 2017; accepted March 30, 2018.

Disclosure:The author has no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

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Robert C. Caridi, M.D., 4407 Bee Cave Road, Suite 303, Austin, Texas 78746,

Copyright © 2018 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons