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Fat Grafting in Hollow Upper Eyelids and Volumetric Upper Blepharoplasty

Ramil, Mariano E. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: November 2017 - Volume 140 - Issue 5 - p 889–897
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003758
Cosmetic: Original Articles
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Background: Periorbital volume loss creates a shadow frame, and traditional excisional blepharoplasties may aggravate the situation. Divergence in filling treatments establishes a demand for simple and reproducible techniques to achieve consistent results. Here, the author’s hollow upper eyelid evaluation and treatment approach are presented.

Methods: A retrospective photographic analysis was conducted of 32 women who underwent fat grafting for hollow upper eyelids between 2012 and 2016. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations of upper eyelid ratios at the medial and lateral corneal limbus, together with lateral contour modifications, were used to determine the efficacy of the technique to restore youthful proportions and contours.

Results: Preoperative analysis showed 20 eyelids with an inner shadow, or A-pattern; and 44 eyelids with the complete extension of the hollow, or C-pattern. Three patients presented mild blepharoptosis, and eight patients had undergone a previous upper blepharoplasty. Mean grafting volume was 0.4 cc in the deep plane and 2.8 cc in the superficial plane. Fat grafting exclusively was performed in six patients, improving all ratios and correcting the A-pattern deformity. Volumetric upper blepharoplasty combining fat grafting in two levels and orbicularis oculi muscle imbrication was performed in 26 patients, correcting every inverted ratio (p < 0.001). On the lateral view, all cases with a concave pattern changed to a convex one, regardless of the approach used.

Conclusion: Synergy between fat grafting and orbicularis imbrication proved adequate to restore the lateral convex contour and return youthful proportions to the hollow upper eyelids.

CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

Buenos Aires, Argentina

From the División Cirugía Plástica, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Universidad de Buenos Aires.

Received for publication November 9, 2016; accepted May 3, 2017.

Presented in part at the 17th International Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery World Congress, in Santiago, Chile, February 24 through March 1, 2013; and at the First Global Aesthetic Conference, in Miami Beach, Florida, October 28 through November 1, 2015.

Disclosure: The author has no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the text; simply type the URL address into any Web browser to access this content. Clickable links to the material are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s website (www.PRSJournal.com).

Mariano E. Ramil, M.D., Las Heras 1124, Luján (6700), Buenos Aires, Argentina, mra1000@gmail.com

©2017American Society of Plastic Surgeons