Health-related quality of life and satisfaction with appearance are important outcomes in bariatric and body contouring surgery. To investigate these outcomes, scientifically sound and clinically meaningful patient-reported outcome instruments are needed. The authors measured health-related quality of life and appearance in a cohort of Danish patients at different phases in the weight loss journey: before bariatric surgery, after bariatric surgery, before body contouring surgery, and after body contouring surgery.
From June of 2015 to June of 2016, a cross-sectional sample of 493 bariatric and body contouring patients were recruited from four different hospital departments. Patients were asked to fill out the BODY-Q, a new patient-reported outcomes instrument designed specifically to measure health-related quality of life and appearance over the entire patient journey, from obesity to the post–body contouring surgery period. Data were collected using REDCap, and analyzed using SPSS software.
For all appearance and health-related quality-of-life scales, the mean score was significantly lower in the pre–bariatric surgery group compared with the post–body contouring group. Furthermore, the correlation between body mass index and mean scores was significant for all appearance and health-related quality-of-life scales, with higher scores associated with lower body mass index. The mean score for the group reporting no excess skin compared with the group reporting a lot of excess skin was significantly higher for five of seven appearance scales and four of five health-related quality-of-life scales.
This study provides evidence to suggest that body contouring plays an important role in the weight loss patient’s journey and that patients need access to treatments.