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Evidence-Based Medicine: Breast Augmentation

Schwartz, Michael R., M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: July 2017 - Volume 140 - Issue 1 - p 109e-119e
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003478
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Learning Objectives: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the key decisions in patient evaluation for cosmetic breast augmentation. 2. Cite key decisions in preoperative planning. 3. Discuss the risks and complications, and key patient education points in breast augmentation.

Summary: Breast augmentation remains one of the most popular procedures in plastic surgery. The integral information necessary for proper patient selection, preoperative assessment, and surgical approaches are discussed. Current data regarding long term safety and complications are presented to guide the plastic surgeon to an evidence-based approach to the patient seeking breast enhancement to obtain optimal results.

Westlake Village, Calif.

From private practice.

Received for publication August 30, 2016; accepted February 8, 2017.

Disclosure:The author has no financial disclosures. No financial compensation from any source was used to produce this article.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the text; simply type the URL address into any Web browser to access this content. Clickable links to the material are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s website (

Michael R. Schwartz, M.D., 696 Hampshire Road, Suite 210, Westlake Village, Calif. 91361

Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons