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Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction without the Use of an Acellular Dermal Matrix Is Cost Effective and Oncologically Safe

Serrurier, L. Charles. J. F.C.S.(Plast.Surg.)(C.M.S.A.); Rayne, Sarah B.Sc.(U.C.L.), M.R.C.S.(Eng.), F.C.S.(S.A.); Venter, Marisse F.C.S.(Plast.Surg.)(C.M.S.A.); Benn, Carol-Ann F.C.S.(S.A.)

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: April 2017 - Volume 139 - Issue 4 - p 809–817
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003222
Breast: Original Articles

Background: Direct-to-implant breast reconstruction is a predictable, reliable, and cost-effective reconstruction. Most units performing direct-to-implant reconstructions recommend the use of an acellular dermal matrix or a mesh to reinforce the lower pole of the breast reconstruction.

Methods: Two hundred seventy-two consecutive patients with 488 immediate direct-to-implant breast reconstructions performed in a 34-month period are included in this group. Mean follow-up of this group is 35 months.

Results: Four hundred eight reconstructions were performed through a lazy-S mastectomy, and 80 were performed through a Wise pattern mastectomy. Two local recurrences occurred. Minor complications accounted for 5.5 percent (n = 27): seromas, 3.4 percent (n = 17); wound healing problems, 0.6 percent (n = 3); and grade 2 capsular contracture, 1.4 percent (n = 7). Major complications accounted for 4.3 percent (n = 21): infection, 0.8 percent (n = 4); prosthetic loss, 0.4 percent (n = 2); hematoma, 0.4 percent (n = 2); and wounds requiring débridement, 2 percent (n = 10). The additional cost of acellular dermal matrix is dependent on manufacturer and size, but increases the cost of the procedure by 35.5 to 47.7 percent.

Conclusions: This reconstruction method compares very favorably with published data from other units as far as early and late complications and cosmetic outcome are concerned. It has a complication rate similar to that of reconstructions using an acellular dermal matrix and is more cost effective.


Johannesburg, South Africa

From the University of the Witwatersrand and Milpark Breast Care Centre of Excellence.

Received for publication January 15, 2016; accepted September 16, 2016.

Disclosure: None of the authors has a financial interest in any of the products or devices mentioned in this article.

L. Charles. J. Serrurier, F.C.S.(Plast.Surg.)(C.M.S.A.), Netcare Breastcare Centre of Excellence, Suit E, Milpark Hospital, 9 Guild Road, Parktown West, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa,

©2017American Society of Plastic Surgeons