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The Medical Mission and Modern Core Competency Training: A 10-Year Follow-Up of Resident Experiences in Global Plastic Surgery

Yao, Caroline A., M.D., M.S.; Swanson, Jordan, M.D.; McCullough, Meghan, M.D.; Taro, Trisa B., M.S., M.P.H.; Gutierrez, Ricardo; Bradshaw, Allison; Campbell, Alex, M.D.; Magee, William P. Jr., M.D., D.D.S.; Magee, William P. III, M.D., D.D.S.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: September 2016 - Volume 138 - Issue 3 - p 531e-538e
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000002484
Special Topics: Original Articles
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Background: The emphasis on cultural competency for physicians and surgeons is increasingly important, as communication with both patients and other providers significantly affects individual and system-wide outcomes. International surgical training has been shown to improve leadership skills, cultural competency, and technical proficiency of participants in short-term follow-up. This study explores the long-term impact of international surgical mission experiences on developing participants’ core competencies, professional outcomes, and commitment to global health.

Methods: All 208 plastic and reconstructive surgeons who completed the Operation Smile Regan/Stryker fellowship programs between 2006 and 2015 were surveyed electronically.

Results: One hundred sixty-five surveys were returned, for an overall response rate of 79.3 percent. The majority of participants reported that the fellowship positively impacted all six Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies. Most participants who were attending physicians at the time of the survey were practicing general plastic surgery, with 42 percent in an academic/teaching environment, 32 percent in assistant/associate professor positions, and 6 percent in either a program director or department chairman position. The majority currently volunteer on local or international missions, and all respondents would consider volunteering again.

Conclusions: Carefully structured and rigorously proctored programs such as the Regan/Stryker Fellowship offer plastic surgery residents the opportunity to gain valuable professional and personal experiences that benefit them long after their service experience. Programs of this nature can not only effectively improve cultural competency of physicians, but also positively influence their attitudes toward leadership and direct that potential to meet the growing need for surgical care in low- and middle-income countries.

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Los Angeles, Calif.; and Norfolk, Va.

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the University of Southern California Institute of Global Health, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California; the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shriners Hospital for Children; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles; and Operation Smile International.

Received for publication October 30, 2015; accepted April 20, 2016.

Disclosure:The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.

William P. Magee III, M.D., D.D.S., Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern, California, 1510 San Pablo Street, Suite 415, Los Angeles, Calif. 90033, wmagee@chla.usc.edu

Copyright © 2016 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons