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Melting the Plastic Ceiling: Overcoming Obstacles to Foster Leadership in Women Plastic Surgeons

Silva, Amanda K., M.D.; Preminger, Aviva, M.D.; Slezak, Sheri, M.D.; Phillips, Linda G., M.D.; Johnson, Debra J., M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: September 2016 - Volume 138 - Issue 3 - p 721-729
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000002483
Special Topics: Women in Plastic Surgery
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Summary: The underrepresentation of women leaders in plastic surgery echoes a phenomenon throughout society. The importance of female leadership is presented, and barriers to gender equality in plastic surgery, both intrinsic and extrinsic, are discussed. Strategies for fostering women in leadership on an individual level and for the specialty of plastic surgery are presented.

Chicago, Ill.; New York, N.Y.; Baltimore, Md.; Galveston, Texas; and Sacramento, Calif.

From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Chicago Hospitals; Preminger Plastic Surgery; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Maryland; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch; and The Plastic Surgery Center.

Received for publication January 11, 2016; accepted April 20, 2016.

Disclosures:There are no relevant disclosures for any of the authors.

A “Hot Topic Video” by Editor-in-Chief Rod J. Rohrich, M.D., accompanies this article. Go to and click on “Plastic Surgery Hot Topics” in the “Videos” tab to watch. On the iPad, tap on the Hot Topics icon.

Debra J. Johnson, M.D., 95 Scripps Drive, Sacramento, Calif. 95825,

Copyright © 2016 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons