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Looking at Plastic Surgery through Google Glass: Part 1. Systematic Review of Google Glass Evidence and the First Plastic Surgical Procedures

Davis, Christopher R. M.R.C.S.; Rosenfield, Lorne K. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: March 2015 - Volume 135 - Issue 3 - p 918–928
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001056
Special Topics: Technology & Innovation
Press Release

Background: Google Glass has the potential to become a ubiquitous and translational technological tool within clinical plastic surgery. Google Glass allows clinicians to remotely view patient notes, laboratory results, and imaging; training can be augmented via streamed expert master classes; and patient safety can be improved by remote advice from a senior colleague. This systematic review identified and appraised every Google Glass publication relevant to plastic surgery and describes the first plastic surgical procedures recorded using Google Glass.

Methods: A systematic review was performed using PubMed National Center for Biotechnology Information, Ovid MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, following modified Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Key search terms “Google” and “Glass” identified mutually inclusive publications that were screened for inclusion.

Results: Eighty-two publications were identified, with 21 included for review. Google Glass publications were formal articles (n = 3), editorial/commentary articles (n = 7), conference proceedings (n = 1), news reports (n = 3), and online articles (n = 7). Data support Google Glass’ positive impact on health care delivery, clinical training, medical documentation, and patient safety. Concerns exist regarding patient confidentiality, technical issues, and limited software. The first plastic surgical procedure performed using Google Glass was a blepharoplasty on October 29, 2013.

Conclusions: Google Glass is an exciting translational technology with the potential to positively impact health care delivery, medical documentation, surgical training, and patient safety. Further high-quality scientific research is required to formally appraise Google Glass in the clinical setting.

Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

Stanford and San Francisco, Calif.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Stanford University; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco.

Received for publication June 13, 2014; accepted August 12, 2014.

Presented at the Clinical Cosmetic and Reconstructive Expo, in London, United Kingdom, October 10 through 11, 2014.

Disclosure: Neither of the authors has a financial interest in any of the products or devices mentioned in this article.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the text; simply type the URL address into any Web browser to access this content. Clickable links to the material are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s Web site (

Lorne K. Rosenfield, M.D., 1750 El Camino Real, Burlingame, Calif. 94010

©2015American Society of Plastic Surgeons