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Face Lifting in the Massive Weight Loss Patient: Modifications of Our Technique for This Population

Narasimhan, Kailash M.D.; Ramanadham, Smita M.D.; Rohrich, Rod J. M.D.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: February 2015 - Volume 135 - Issue 2 - p 397–405
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000000881
Cosmetic: Original Articles
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Background: The authors evaluated their experience with facial rejuvenation in the massive weight loss patient.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of the senior author’s (R.J.R) face-lift patients was conducted. Data on patient age and body mass index, surgical techniques used (when available), and intraoperative and postoperative complications were collected.

Results: Of the senior author’s 25-year database of 1089 patients, 22 were identified (15 women and seven men). Nineteen patients had primary face lifts performed; three patients were secondary cases. Average age at face lift was 52.7 years (range, 41.0 to 67.0 years). Body mass index at the time of surgery was 26.0. There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative complications included one hematoma that responded to drainage. Nineteen patients (86 percent) had volume loss in the midface and nasolabial groove regions. Thirteen patients (59 percent) had perioral volume loss, all had skin excess and redundancy in the jowl and submental region, and 18 (82 percent) had documented platysmal bands. The superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) was addressed in 20 patients (91 percent) with a SMASectomy. Fat augmentation was performed in all patients. On average, almost twice as much fat was used (22 ml versus 12 ml in non–massive weight loss patients).

Conclusions: In the massive weight loss population, there are common techniques that can enhance results. (1) Individualized components analysis can be used; (2) to treat laxity of skin and deflation of fat compartments, twice as much fat augmentation is needed; (3) SMASectomy is used for redundant skin; and (4) SMAS neck suspension sutures are used in thicker-skinned patients.

CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.

Dallas, Texas

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

Received for publication December 23, 2013; accepted April 24, 2014.

Disclosure: Dr. Rohrich receives instrument royalties from Micrins Instruments and book royalties from Quality Medical Publishing. He received clinical research grant support from Neodyne Biosciences, Inc., for participation in a clinical trial. The authors have no commercial associations or financial disclosures that might pose or create a conflict of interest with information presented in this article. No funding was received for the work presented in this article.

Kailash Narasimhan, M.D., Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1801 Inwood Road, Dallas, Texas 75390, kailash.narasimhan@phhs.org

©2015American Society of Plastic Surgeons